Empathy is the ability to perceive and understand others’ emotional states generating a similar mental state in the self. Previous behavioural studies have shown that self-reflection can enhance the empathic process. The present event-related potentials study aims to investigate whether self-reflection, elicited by an introspective self-narrative task, modulates the neuronal response to eye expressions and improves the accuracy of empathic process. The twenty-nine participants included in the final sample were divided into two groups: an introspection group (IG) (n=15), who received an introspective writing task, and a control group (CG) (n=14), who completed a not-introspective writing task. For both groups, the electroencephalographic and behavioural responses to images depicting eye expressions taken from the “Reading the Mind in the Eyes” Theory of Mind test were recorded pre- (T0) and post- (T1) seven days of writing. The main result showed that only the IG presented a different P300 amplitude in response to eye expressions at T1 compared to T0 on the left centre-frontal montage. No significant results on accuracy at T1 compared to T0 were found. These findings seem to suggest that the introspective writing task modulates attention and implicit evaluation of the socio-emotional stimuli. Results are discussed with reference to the hypothesis that such neuronal modulation is linked to an increase in the embodied simulation process underlying affective empathy.

Altavilla, D., Adornetti, I., Chiera, A., Deriu, V., Acciai, A., Ferretti, F. (2022). Introspective self-narrative modulates the neuronal response during the emphatic process. An event-related potentials (ERPs) study. EXPERIMENTAL BRAIN RESEARCH [10.1007/s00221-022-06441-4].

Introspective self-narrative modulates the neuronal response during the emphatic process. An event-related potentials (ERPs) study

Daniela Altavilla
;
Ines Adornetti;Alessandra Chiera;Valentina Deriu;Alessandro Acciai;Francesco Ferretti
2022

Abstract

Empathy is the ability to perceive and understand others’ emotional states generating a similar mental state in the self. Previous behavioural studies have shown that self-reflection can enhance the empathic process. The present event-related potentials study aims to investigate whether self-reflection, elicited by an introspective self-narrative task, modulates the neuronal response to eye expressions and improves the accuracy of empathic process. The twenty-nine participants included in the final sample were divided into two groups: an introspection group (IG) (n=15), who received an introspective writing task, and a control group (CG) (n=14), who completed a not-introspective writing task. For both groups, the electroencephalographic and behavioural responses to images depicting eye expressions taken from the “Reading the Mind in the Eyes” Theory of Mind test were recorded pre- (T0) and post- (T1) seven days of writing. The main result showed that only the IG presented a different P300 amplitude in response to eye expressions at T1 compared to T0 on the left centre-frontal montage. No significant results on accuracy at T1 compared to T0 were found. These findings seem to suggest that the introspective writing task modulates attention and implicit evaluation of the socio-emotional stimuli. Results are discussed with reference to the hypothesis that such neuronal modulation is linked to an increase in the embodied simulation process underlying affective empathy.
Altavilla, D., Adornetti, I., Chiera, A., Deriu, V., Acciai, A., Ferretti, F. (2022). Introspective self-narrative modulates the neuronal response during the emphatic process. An event-related potentials (ERPs) study. EXPERIMENTAL BRAIN RESEARCH [10.1007/s00221-022-06441-4].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11590/415332
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