We report on a sensor architecture for detection of hazardous gases. The proposed device is based on the integration of a solid-state quantum dot (QD) photoluminescent probe with a QD photodetector on the same substrate. The effectiveness of the approach is demonstrated by developing a compact optical sensor for trace detection of explosives in air. The proposed architecture is very simple and consists of a silicon substrate with both surfaces coated with QD films. The upper layer acts as photoluminescent probe, pumped by a blue LED. The change of photoluminescence intensity associated to the interaction between the QDs and the target analyte is measured by the QD photodetector fabricated on the opposite side of the substrate. The sensor is mounted into a small chamber provided with the LED and the front-end electronics. The device is characterized by using nitrobenzene as representative nitroaromatic compound. Extremely low concentrations (down to 0.1ppm) can be detected by the proposed device, with a theoretical detection limit estimated to be as low as 2 ppb. Results are repeatable and no ageing effect is observed over a 70-day period. The proposed architecture may provide a promising solution for explosive detection in air as well as other sensing applications, thanks to its sensitivity, simple fabrication process, practical usability, and cost effectiveness.

Mitri, F., De Iacovo, A., De Santis, S., Quarta, D., Giansante, C., Orsini, M., et al. (2022). Optical gas sensor based on the combination of a QD photoluminescent probe and a QD photodetector. NANOTECHNOLOGY [10.1088/1361-6528/ac8814].

Optical gas sensor based on the combination of a QD photoluminescent probe and a QD photodetector

Mitri, Federica;De Iacovo, Andrea
;
De Santis, Serena;Orsini, Monica;Colace, Lorenzo
2022

Abstract

We report on a sensor architecture for detection of hazardous gases. The proposed device is based on the integration of a solid-state quantum dot (QD) photoluminescent probe with a QD photodetector on the same substrate. The effectiveness of the approach is demonstrated by developing a compact optical sensor for trace detection of explosives in air. The proposed architecture is very simple and consists of a silicon substrate with both surfaces coated with QD films. The upper layer acts as photoluminescent probe, pumped by a blue LED. The change of photoluminescence intensity associated to the interaction between the QDs and the target analyte is measured by the QD photodetector fabricated on the opposite side of the substrate. The sensor is mounted into a small chamber provided with the LED and the front-end electronics. The device is characterized by using nitrobenzene as representative nitroaromatic compound. Extremely low concentrations (down to 0.1ppm) can be detected by the proposed device, with a theoretical detection limit estimated to be as low as 2 ppb. Results are repeatable and no ageing effect is observed over a 70-day period. The proposed architecture may provide a promising solution for explosive detection in air as well as other sensing applications, thanks to its sensitivity, simple fabrication process, practical usability, and cost effectiveness.
Mitri, F., De Iacovo, A., De Santis, S., Quarta, D., Giansante, C., Orsini, M., et al. (2022). Optical gas sensor based on the combination of a QD photoluminescent probe and a QD photodetector. NANOTECHNOLOGY [10.1088/1361-6528/ac8814].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11590/415827
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