Previously, we found that telaprevir (Tel), the inhibitor of hepatitis C virus NS3/4A serine protease, reduces estrogen receptor α (ERα) content at the transcriptional level without binding to the receptor, prevents ERα transcriptional activity, and inhibits basal and 17β-estradiol (E2)-dependent cell proliferation in different breast cancer (BC) cell lines. Here, we further characterize the Tel action mechanisms on ERα levels and function, identify a possible molecular target of Tel in BC cells, and evaluate Tel as an antiproliferative agent for BC treatment. Tel-dependent reduction in ERα levels and function depends on a Tel-dependent decrease in FOXA1 levels and activity. The effect of Tel is transduced by the IGF1-R/AKT/FOXA1 pathway, with the antiviral compound interacting with IGF1-R. Tel prevents the proliferation of several BC cell lines, while it does not affect the proliferation of normal nontransformed cell lines, and its antiproliferative effect is correlated with the ratio of FOXA1/IGF1-R expression. In conclusion, Tel interferes with the IGF1-R/AKT/FOXA1 pathway and induces cell death in ERα-expressing BC cells. Thus, we propose that this antiviral could be repurposed for the treatment of ERα-expressing BC.

Bartoloni, S., Leone, S., Pescatori, S., Cipolletti, M., Acconcia, F. (2022). The antiviral drug telaprevir induces cell death by reducing FOXA1 expression in estrogen receptor α (ERα)-positive breast cancer cells. MOLECULAR ONCOLOGY [10.1002/1878-0261.13303].

The antiviral drug telaprevir induces cell death by reducing FOXA1 expression in estrogen receptor α (ERα)-positive breast cancer cells

Bartoloni, Stefania;Leone, Stefano;Pescatori, Sara;Cipolletti, Manuela;Acconcia, Filippo
2022

Abstract

Previously, we found that telaprevir (Tel), the inhibitor of hepatitis C virus NS3/4A serine protease, reduces estrogen receptor α (ERα) content at the transcriptional level without binding to the receptor, prevents ERα transcriptional activity, and inhibits basal and 17β-estradiol (E2)-dependent cell proliferation in different breast cancer (BC) cell lines. Here, we further characterize the Tel action mechanisms on ERα levels and function, identify a possible molecular target of Tel in BC cells, and evaluate Tel as an antiproliferative agent for BC treatment. Tel-dependent reduction in ERα levels and function depends on a Tel-dependent decrease in FOXA1 levels and activity. The effect of Tel is transduced by the IGF1-R/AKT/FOXA1 pathway, with the antiviral compound interacting with IGF1-R. Tel prevents the proliferation of several BC cell lines, while it does not affect the proliferation of normal nontransformed cell lines, and its antiproliferative effect is correlated with the ratio of FOXA1/IGF1-R expression. In conclusion, Tel interferes with the IGF1-R/AKT/FOXA1 pathway and induces cell death in ERα-expressing BC cells. Thus, we propose that this antiviral could be repurposed for the treatment of ERα-expressing BC.
Bartoloni, S., Leone, S., Pescatori, S., Cipolletti, M., Acconcia, F. (2022). The antiviral drug telaprevir induces cell death by reducing FOXA1 expression in estrogen receptor α (ERα)-positive breast cancer cells. MOLECULAR ONCOLOGY [10.1002/1878-0261.13303].
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11590/416407
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact