The present study explored the microbial diversity of black deposits found in the "Infernaccio" gorge. X-ray Powdered Diffraction (XRPD) was used to investigate the crystallinity of the samples and to identify the minerals. Scanning electron microscope and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDS) were used to detect the bacterial imprints, analyze microbe-mineral interactions, and highlight the chemical element distribution in the black deposits. 16S rRNA gene metabarcoding allowed the study of Archaea and Bacteria communities. Mn-oxide-solubilizing isolates were also obtained and characterized by culturable and molecular approaches. The multidisciplinary approach showed the occurrence of deposits composed of birnessite, diopside, halloysite, and leucite. Numerous bacterial imprints confirmed the role of microorganisms in forming these deposits. The Bacteria and Archaea communities associated with these deposits and runoff waters are dynamic and shaped by seasonal changes. The uncultured and unknown taxa are the most common and abundant. These amplicon sequence variants (ASVs) were mainly assigned to Proteobacteria and Bacteroidetes phyla. Six isolates showed interesting Mn solubilization abilities under microaerophilic conditions. Molecular characterization associated isolates to Brevibacterium, Bacillus, Neobacillus, and Rhodococcus genera. The findings enriched our knowledge of geomicrobiological aspects of one of the Earth's hidden habitats. The study also unveiled the potential of this environment as an isolation source of biotechnologically relevant bacteria.

Farda, B., Djebaili, R., Del Gallo, M., Ercole, C., Bellatreccia, F., Pellegrini, M. (2022). The "Infernaccio" Gorges: Microbial Diversity of Black Deposits and Isolation of Manganese-Solubilizing Bacteria. BIOLOGY, 11(8), 1204 [10.3390/biology11081204].

The "Infernaccio" Gorges: Microbial Diversity of Black Deposits and Isolation of Manganese-Solubilizing Bacteria

Bellatreccia, Fabio
Investigation
;
2022

Abstract

The present study explored the microbial diversity of black deposits found in the "Infernaccio" gorge. X-ray Powdered Diffraction (XRPD) was used to investigate the crystallinity of the samples and to identify the minerals. Scanning electron microscope and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDS) were used to detect the bacterial imprints, analyze microbe-mineral interactions, and highlight the chemical element distribution in the black deposits. 16S rRNA gene metabarcoding allowed the study of Archaea and Bacteria communities. Mn-oxide-solubilizing isolates were also obtained and characterized by culturable and molecular approaches. The multidisciplinary approach showed the occurrence of deposits composed of birnessite, diopside, halloysite, and leucite. Numerous bacterial imprints confirmed the role of microorganisms in forming these deposits. The Bacteria and Archaea communities associated with these deposits and runoff waters are dynamic and shaped by seasonal changes. The uncultured and unknown taxa are the most common and abundant. These amplicon sequence variants (ASVs) were mainly assigned to Proteobacteria and Bacteroidetes phyla. Six isolates showed interesting Mn solubilization abilities under microaerophilic conditions. Molecular characterization associated isolates to Brevibacterium, Bacillus, Neobacillus, and Rhodococcus genera. The findings enriched our knowledge of geomicrobiological aspects of one of the Earth's hidden habitats. The study also unveiled the potential of this environment as an isolation source of biotechnologically relevant bacteria.
Farda, B., Djebaili, R., Del Gallo, M., Ercole, C., Bellatreccia, F., Pellegrini, M. (2022). The "Infernaccio" Gorges: Microbial Diversity of Black Deposits and Isolation of Manganese-Solubilizing Bacteria. BIOLOGY, 11(8), 1204 [10.3390/biology11081204].
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11590/416509
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact