In recent years, the concept of smart agriculture has entered our collective daily routine by radically modifying the methods by which crop monitoring was previously carried out. More precisely, the term smart farming focuses its attention on the use technologies already present on the market like, sensors (multispectral, hyperspectral, thermal and terahertz sensors), WNS (wireless sensor network) and drones capable to reduce the human work in the fields, optimizing at the same time the quantity and quality of the products limiting the use of resources, as water, fertilizers, pesticides and herbicides. Recently, one of the most important problem in the field of precision farming is the availability of water; unfortunately, this factor becomes more critical from year to year. To resolve this problem, the first step is to reduce consumption and rationalize the use of water by adjusting the water supply to the needs of the systems in order to increase its yield while saving money. In this respect, the development of non-destructive techniques operating in the THz spectral region has allowed to monitor in real time the water content present in leaves and plants. In fact, due to the strong water absorption and reflection in this spectral region, this feature can be exploited to detect the water content of leaves and plants helping us to intervene promptly in cases where the plant needs water, avoiding so does water stress, but above all trying to use our primary resource adequately by reducing waste. About this, Imaging and Time-Domain Spectroscopy (THz-TDS) techniques have been applied to monitor soil conditions, drought stress and presence of pathogens on the plants. In this review, we focus our attention on the latest research carried out on monitoring the water content present in leaves through THz technologies. Moreover, we pose particular attention in the description of our system set composed by a 97 GHz transmitter-receiver able to analyze the spatial distribution of the water inside a leaf.

Greco, M., Leccese, F., Doria, A., Taschin, A., De Francesco, E., Giovenale, E., et al. (2022). Studies of leaf water content in smart agriculture using THz technologies: a review. JOURNAL OF SMART ENVIRONMENTS AND GREEN COMPUTING, 2(2), 46-57 [10.20517/jsegc.2022.12].

Studies of leaf water content in smart agriculture using THz technologies: a review

Greco, Manuel;Leccese, Fabio
;
2022

Abstract

In recent years, the concept of smart agriculture has entered our collective daily routine by radically modifying the methods by which crop monitoring was previously carried out. More precisely, the term smart farming focuses its attention on the use technologies already present on the market like, sensors (multispectral, hyperspectral, thermal and terahertz sensors), WNS (wireless sensor network) and drones capable to reduce the human work in the fields, optimizing at the same time the quantity and quality of the products limiting the use of resources, as water, fertilizers, pesticides and herbicides. Recently, one of the most important problem in the field of precision farming is the availability of water; unfortunately, this factor becomes more critical from year to year. To resolve this problem, the first step is to reduce consumption and rationalize the use of water by adjusting the water supply to the needs of the systems in order to increase its yield while saving money. In this respect, the development of non-destructive techniques operating in the THz spectral region has allowed to monitor in real time the water content present in leaves and plants. In fact, due to the strong water absorption and reflection in this spectral region, this feature can be exploited to detect the water content of leaves and plants helping us to intervene promptly in cases where the plant needs water, avoiding so does water stress, but above all trying to use our primary resource adequately by reducing waste. About this, Imaging and Time-Domain Spectroscopy (THz-TDS) techniques have been applied to monitor soil conditions, drought stress and presence of pathogens on the plants. In this review, we focus our attention on the latest research carried out on monitoring the water content present in leaves through THz technologies. Moreover, we pose particular attention in the description of our system set composed by a 97 GHz transmitter-receiver able to analyze the spatial distribution of the water inside a leaf.
Greco, M., Leccese, F., Doria, A., Taschin, A., De Francesco, E., Giovenale, E., et al. (2022). Studies of leaf water content in smart agriculture using THz technologies: a review. JOURNAL OF SMART ENVIRONMENTS AND GREEN COMPUTING, 2(2), 46-57 [10.20517/jsegc.2022.12].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11590/417508
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