The analysis of enounciative subjectivity in Fatou Diome’s works allows us to focus on the contemporary French-Parisian literary landscape, and on the strategies of locating African writers, or of African descent, within the field. The use of stereotypes about the African writer, and of the exotic discourse emanating from the doxa, reveal that contemporary authors are forced to develop discursive and media strategies to negotiate a place of legitimacy in the French literary field that overlaps partly with the Francophone and worldwide field, but whose objectives and the public reception are not always shared. Fatou Diome’s case study enables discursive analysis on rhetorical ethè, and on how she manages the fictional and mediatical “I”. But it also sheds light on the use of “us” in her pamphlet Marianne porte plainte! that may refer to different communities. The identification of effective positions taken on by the author will then enable us to appreciate the potential for transformation with regard to the consecration and canonisation processes governed by the “center” institutions. The “African” character attributed to both authors and literary productions is the main issue. It remains to be seen whether and how writers who claim literary autonomy are willing to play the “difference” card to satisfy the public who is structurally close to the dominant discourse.

Tarquini, V. (2020). Ethè Discursifs Africains Au Bord De La Seine. L'exemple De Fatou Diome. ALTRE MODERNITÀ, 23, 27-43 [10.13130/2035-7680/13391].

Ethè Discursifs Africains Au Bord De La Seine. L'exemple De Fatou Diome

Tarquini V
2020

Abstract

The analysis of enounciative subjectivity in Fatou Diome’s works allows us to focus on the contemporary French-Parisian literary landscape, and on the strategies of locating African writers, or of African descent, within the field. The use of stereotypes about the African writer, and of the exotic discourse emanating from the doxa, reveal that contemporary authors are forced to develop discursive and media strategies to negotiate a place of legitimacy in the French literary field that overlaps partly with the Francophone and worldwide field, but whose objectives and the public reception are not always shared. Fatou Diome’s case study enables discursive analysis on rhetorical ethè, and on how she manages the fictional and mediatical “I”. But it also sheds light on the use of “us” in her pamphlet Marianne porte plainte! that may refer to different communities. The identification of effective positions taken on by the author will then enable us to appreciate the potential for transformation with regard to the consecration and canonisation processes governed by the “center” institutions. The “African” character attributed to both authors and literary productions is the main issue. It remains to be seen whether and how writers who claim literary autonomy are willing to play the “difference” card to satisfy the public who is structurally close to the dominant discourse.
: L’analyse de la subjectivité énonciative chez Fatou Diome nous permettra d’interroger le champ littéraire franco-parisien à l’époque contemporaine et d’observer quelques stratégies de positionnement des écrivains africains ou afro-descendants au sein du champ. La prise en charge des stéréotypes sur l’écrivain africain et des marques du discours exotique émanant de la doxa révèlent que les auteurs contemporains ont tendance à développer des stratégies discursives et médiatiques afin de négocier une place de légitimité dans le champ littéraire français qui se croise en partie avec les champs francophone et mondial mais dont les objectifs et les horizons d’attente ne sont pas toujours partagés. L’étude du cas de Fatou Diome donne lieu à des analyses discursives sur les ethè rhétoriques, mais aussi sur les manifestations du « je » fictionnel et pamphlétaire.Par ailleurs, elle met en exergue la subjectivité amplifiée et celle d’un « nous » qui, dans Marianne porte plainte !, ne renvoie pas toujours aux mêmes collectivités. L’identification de postures d’auteur efficaces nous permettra ensuite d’en apprécier le potentiel de transformation vis-à-vis des instances de consécration et de canonisation régies par les institutions du « centre ». Le caractère « africain » attribué aussi bien aux figures d’auteur qu’aux productions littéraires en est l’enjeu principal ; reste à savoir si et comment les écrivains qui revendiquent l’autonomie littéraire sont disposés à jouer la carte de la « différence » pour satisfaire le public qui est structurellement proche du discours dominant.
Tarquini, V. (2020). Ethè Discursifs Africains Au Bord De La Seine. L'exemple De Fatou Diome. ALTRE MODERNITÀ, 23, 27-43 [10.13130/2035-7680/13391].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11590/418309
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