The regime ruling Sudan since 1989 represents a pioneering experiment in the field of Islamist politics, being the first case in which a movement affiliated with the Muslim Brotherhood managed to conquer power and hold on to it for a considerable time. During the late 1990s, internal and external pressures threatened the survival of the regime, leading the ruling class to abandon its ambition to represent a model of revolutionary Islamic governance. Oil exports provided a catalyst for this pragmatic shift, intensifying patronage-based relations at the expense of ideological affiliation. Seen from a political economy perspective, the Sudanese experience proves the flexibility of Islamism as an ideology, but also its failure as a political practice to constitute a real alternative to the authoritarian dynamics that are widespread in the MENA region.

Musso, G. (2017). Sudan and the Unbearable Lightness of Islamism: From Revolution to Rentier Authoritarianism. THE INTERNATIONAL SPECTATOR, 52, 112-128 [10.1080/03932729.2017.1376164].

Sudan and the Unbearable Lightness of Islamism: From Revolution to Rentier Authoritarianism

Musso Giorgio
2017

Abstract

The regime ruling Sudan since 1989 represents a pioneering experiment in the field of Islamist politics, being the first case in which a movement affiliated with the Muslim Brotherhood managed to conquer power and hold on to it for a considerable time. During the late 1990s, internal and external pressures threatened the survival of the regime, leading the ruling class to abandon its ambition to represent a model of revolutionary Islamic governance. Oil exports provided a catalyst for this pragmatic shift, intensifying patronage-based relations at the expense of ideological affiliation. Seen from a political economy perspective, the Sudanese experience proves the flexibility of Islamism as an ideology, but also its failure as a political practice to constitute a real alternative to the authoritarian dynamics that are widespread in the MENA region.
Musso, G. (2017). Sudan and the Unbearable Lightness of Islamism: From Revolution to Rentier Authoritarianism. THE INTERNATIONAL SPECTATOR, 52, 112-128 [10.1080/03932729.2017.1376164].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11590/419148
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