The potential of intra-venous gallium nitrate (GaN) administration against Pseudomonas aeruginosa pneumonia was recently demonstrated in mice and in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. Likewise, the added value of direct lung delivery of Ga(III) has been shown in rats. Therefore, the design of a drug delivery system specifically engineered for Ga(III) inhalation is imperative to improve its accumulation in lungs. To this purpose, Ga(III) was efficiently encapsulated into hyaluronic acid/chitosan nanoparticles (Ga_HA/CS NPs), whose features were tuned to facilitate access to the target by overcoming mucus and biofilm surrounding bacteria. Then, to improve in vivo lung deposition, Ga_HA/CS NPs were engineered into mannitol-based NEM (Ga_Man NEM). The powders showed optimal in vitro aerosol performance, and sustained release kinetics in lung lining fluids. Moreover, good tolerability and antimicrobial properties were shown in vitro. Intratracheal insufflation of Ga_Man NEM in rats resulted in a significant improvement of Ga(III) persistence in the lungs coupled to a lower Ga(III) concentration in plasma and urine, compared to GaN solution. Noteworthy, the developed formulation significantly modifies the unfavorable Ga(III) kinetic increasing the Ga(III) to the lung and preventing Ga(III) accumulation in the kidney, key responsible for adverse effects, conclusively demonstrating the benefit of Ga_Man NEM to exploit the therapeutic effect of Ga(III) via inhalation route.

Costabile, G., Mitidieri, E., Visaggio, D., Provenzano, R., Miro, A., Quaglia, F., et al. (2022). Boosting Lung Accumulation Of Gallium With Inhalable Nano-Embedded Microparticles For The Treatment Of Bacterial Pneumonia. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICS, 629, 122400 [10.1016/j.ijpharm.2022.122400].

Boosting Lung Accumulation Of Gallium With Inhalable Nano-Embedded Microparticles For The Treatment Of Bacterial Pneumonia

Visaggio, Daniela;Visca, Paolo;
2022

Abstract

The potential of intra-venous gallium nitrate (GaN) administration against Pseudomonas aeruginosa pneumonia was recently demonstrated in mice and in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. Likewise, the added value of direct lung delivery of Ga(III) has been shown in rats. Therefore, the design of a drug delivery system specifically engineered for Ga(III) inhalation is imperative to improve its accumulation in lungs. To this purpose, Ga(III) was efficiently encapsulated into hyaluronic acid/chitosan nanoparticles (Ga_HA/CS NPs), whose features were tuned to facilitate access to the target by overcoming mucus and biofilm surrounding bacteria. Then, to improve in vivo lung deposition, Ga_HA/CS NPs were engineered into mannitol-based NEM (Ga_Man NEM). The powders showed optimal in vitro aerosol performance, and sustained release kinetics in lung lining fluids. Moreover, good tolerability and antimicrobial properties were shown in vitro. Intratracheal insufflation of Ga_Man NEM in rats resulted in a significant improvement of Ga(III) persistence in the lungs coupled to a lower Ga(III) concentration in plasma and urine, compared to GaN solution. Noteworthy, the developed formulation significantly modifies the unfavorable Ga(III) kinetic increasing the Ga(III) to the lung and preventing Ga(III) accumulation in the kidney, key responsible for adverse effects, conclusively demonstrating the benefit of Ga_Man NEM to exploit the therapeutic effect of Ga(III) via inhalation route.
Costabile, G., Mitidieri, E., Visaggio, D., Provenzano, R., Miro, A., Quaglia, F., et al. (2022). Boosting Lung Accumulation Of Gallium With Inhalable Nano-Embedded Microparticles For The Treatment Of Bacterial Pneumonia. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICS, 629, 122400 [10.1016/j.ijpharm.2022.122400].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11590/423327
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