Reducing the Levelized Cost of Energy (LCoE) is one of the main objectives of the wind turbine industry. There are several ways to achieve this goal: reducing construction and installation costs, reducing Operating&Maintenance costs, or increasing the power output. In this work, an Economic Nonlinear Model Predictive Control strategy is developed to maximise the power production of wind turbines. A novel three-states, non-linear Reduced Order Model is developed to predict aerodynamic power, rotor thrust and generator temperature with suitable accuracy. The control action is obtained from a constrained optimisation problem that uses the developed model, where the objective is the maximisation of the integral of the aerodynamic power. A set of constraints (including a bound on the generator temperature and the rotor thrust) are imposed. First, the turbine model is validated against high-fidelity simulations, then the controller performance and robustness are assessed in the entire wind range of operation, obtaining a significant increase of average power. Apart from the assessment of the controller performance in OpenFAST, the controller robustness is verified, introducing errors in the estimation of incoming wind, up to the case of a complete lack of information. The controller (freely downloadable from a dedicated repository) is effective in all the operating regions without the need for logical switches. Moreover, thanks to the optimised numerical solver adopted, it can be applied to actual wind turbines (which require real-time algorithmic performance).

Pustina, L., Biral, F., Serafini, J. (2022). A novel Economic Nonlinear Model Predictive Controller for power maximisation on wind turbines. RENEWABLE & SUSTAINABLE ENERGY REVIEWS, 170, 112964 [10.1016/j.rser.2022.112964].

A novel Economic Nonlinear Model Predictive Controller for power maximisation on wind turbines

Pustina L.;Serafini J.
2022-01-01

Abstract

Reducing the Levelized Cost of Energy (LCoE) is one of the main objectives of the wind turbine industry. There are several ways to achieve this goal: reducing construction and installation costs, reducing Operating&Maintenance costs, or increasing the power output. In this work, an Economic Nonlinear Model Predictive Control strategy is developed to maximise the power production of wind turbines. A novel three-states, non-linear Reduced Order Model is developed to predict aerodynamic power, rotor thrust and generator temperature with suitable accuracy. The control action is obtained from a constrained optimisation problem that uses the developed model, where the objective is the maximisation of the integral of the aerodynamic power. A set of constraints (including a bound on the generator temperature and the rotor thrust) are imposed. First, the turbine model is validated against high-fidelity simulations, then the controller performance and robustness are assessed in the entire wind range of operation, obtaining a significant increase of average power. Apart from the assessment of the controller performance in OpenFAST, the controller robustness is verified, introducing errors in the estimation of incoming wind, up to the case of a complete lack of information. The controller (freely downloadable from a dedicated repository) is effective in all the operating regions without the need for logical switches. Moreover, thanks to the optimised numerical solver adopted, it can be applied to actual wind turbines (which require real-time algorithmic performance).
Pustina, L., Biral, F., Serafini, J. (2022). A novel Economic Nonlinear Model Predictive Controller for power maximisation on wind turbines. RENEWABLE & SUSTAINABLE ENERGY REVIEWS, 170, 112964 [10.1016/j.rser.2022.112964].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11590/423467
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