This paper explores, from a classical-Keynesian theoretical standpoint, how stagnating real wages may have contributed to the slowdown of US productivity. Through shift-share analysis, we find that after a sharp change in distribution against wages, some historically high-productivity sectors switched towards slower productivity growth. This supports our hypothesis that the anemic growth of productivity may be partly due to the trend toward massive use of cheap labor. Our estimation of Sylos Labini's productivity equation confirms the existence of two direct effects of wages, one acting through the incentive to mechanization and the other through the incentive to reorganize labor use.
Fontanari, C., Palumbo, A. (2022). Permanent scars: The effects of wages on productivity. METROECONOMICA [10.1111/meca.12413].