Hemoglobin and myoglobin are generally taken as molecular models of all-α-helical heme-proteins. On the other hand, nitrophorins and nitrobindins (Nb), which are arranged in 8 and 10 β-strands, respectively, represent the molecular models of all-β-barrel heme-proteins. Here, kinetics of the hydroxylamine- (HA-) mediated oxidation of ferrous Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Arabidopsis thaliana, and Homo sapiens nitrobindins (Mt-Nb(II), At-Nb(II), and Hs-Nb(II), respectively), at pH 7.0 and 20.0 °C, are reported. Of note, HA displays antibacterial properties and is a good candidate for the treatment and/or prevention of reactive nitrogen species- (RNS-) linked aging-related pathologies, such as macular degeneration. Under anaerobic conditions, mixing the Mt-Nb(II), At-Nb(II), and Hs-Nb(II) solutions with the HA solutions brings about absorbance spectral changes reflecting the formation of the ferric derivative (i.e., Mt-Nb(III), At-Nb(III), and Hs-Nb(III), respectively). Values of the second order rate constant for the HA-mediated oxidation of Mt-Nb(II), At-Nb(II), and Hs-Nb(II) are 1.1 × 104 M-1 s-1, 6.5 × 104 M-1 s-1, and 2.2 × 104 M-1 s-1, respectively. Moreover, the HA:Nb(II) stoichiometry is 1:2 as reported for ferrous deoxygenated and carbonylated all-α-helical heme-proteins. A comparative look of the HA reduction kinetics by several ferrous heme-proteins suggests that an important role might be played by residues (such as His or Tyr) in the proximity of the heme-Fe atom either coordinating it or not. In this respect, Nbs seem to exploit somewhat different structural aspects, indicating that redox mechanisms for the heme-Fe(II)-to-heme-Fe(III) conversion might differ between all-α-helical and all-β-barrel heme-proteins.

De Simone, G., Tundo, G.R., Coletta, A., Coletta, M., Ascenzi, P. (2022). Hydroxylamine-induced oxidation of ferrous nitrobindins. JBIC, 27(4-5), 443-453 [10.1007/s00775-022-01940-9].

Hydroxylamine-induced oxidation of ferrous nitrobindins

De Simone, Giovanna;Ascenzi, Paolo
2022-01-01

Abstract

Hemoglobin and myoglobin are generally taken as molecular models of all-α-helical heme-proteins. On the other hand, nitrophorins and nitrobindins (Nb), which are arranged in 8 and 10 β-strands, respectively, represent the molecular models of all-β-barrel heme-proteins. Here, kinetics of the hydroxylamine- (HA-) mediated oxidation of ferrous Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Arabidopsis thaliana, and Homo sapiens nitrobindins (Mt-Nb(II), At-Nb(II), and Hs-Nb(II), respectively), at pH 7.0 and 20.0 °C, are reported. Of note, HA displays antibacterial properties and is a good candidate for the treatment and/or prevention of reactive nitrogen species- (RNS-) linked aging-related pathologies, such as macular degeneration. Under anaerobic conditions, mixing the Mt-Nb(II), At-Nb(II), and Hs-Nb(II) solutions with the HA solutions brings about absorbance spectral changes reflecting the formation of the ferric derivative (i.e., Mt-Nb(III), At-Nb(III), and Hs-Nb(III), respectively). Values of the second order rate constant for the HA-mediated oxidation of Mt-Nb(II), At-Nb(II), and Hs-Nb(II) are 1.1 × 104 M-1 s-1, 6.5 × 104 M-1 s-1, and 2.2 × 104 M-1 s-1, respectively. Moreover, the HA:Nb(II) stoichiometry is 1:2 as reported for ferrous deoxygenated and carbonylated all-α-helical heme-proteins. A comparative look of the HA reduction kinetics by several ferrous heme-proteins suggests that an important role might be played by residues (such as His or Tyr) in the proximity of the heme-Fe atom either coordinating it or not. In this respect, Nbs seem to exploit somewhat different structural aspects, indicating that redox mechanisms for the heme-Fe(II)-to-heme-Fe(III) conversion might differ between all-α-helical and all-β-barrel heme-proteins.
De Simone, G., Tundo, G.R., Coletta, A., Coletta, M., Ascenzi, P. (2022). Hydroxylamine-induced oxidation of ferrous nitrobindins. JBIC, 27(4-5), 443-453 [10.1007/s00775-022-01940-9].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11590/426470
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