The (eco)design and synthesis of durable heterogeneous catalysts starting from renewable sources derived from biomass waste represents an important step for reducing environmental impacts of organic transformations. Herein, we report the efficient loading of Pd(II) ions on an eco-safe cellulose-based organic support (CNS), obtained by thermal cross-linking between TEMPO-oxidized cellulose nanofibers and branched polyethyleneimine in the presence of citric acid. A 22.7% w/w Pd-loading on CNS was determined by the ICP-OES technique, while the metal distribution on the xerogel was evidenced by SEM-EDS analysis. XPS analysis confirmed the direct chelation of Pd(II) ions by means of the high number of amino groups present in the network, so that further functionalization of the support with specific ligands was not necessary. The new composite turned to be an efficient heterogeneous pre-catalyst for promoting Suzuki-Miyaura coupling reactions between aryl halides and phenyl boronic acid in water, obtaining yields higher than 90% in 30 min, by operating in a microwave reactor at 100 degrees C and with just 2% w/w of CNS-Pd catalyst with respect to aryl halides (4.5 parts per thousand for Pd). At the end of first reaction cycle, Pd(II) ions on the support resulted in being reduced to Pd(0) while maintaining the same catalytic efficiency. In fact, no leaching was observed at the end of reactions, and five cycles of recycling and reusing of CNS-Pd catalyst provided excellent results in terms of yields and selectivity in the desired products.

Riva, L., Nicastro, G., Liu, M., Battocchio, C., Punta, C., Sacchetti, A. (2022). Pd-Loaded Cellulose NanoSponge as a Heterogeneous Catalyst for Suzuki-Miyaura Coupling Reactions. GELS, 8(12), 789 [10.3390/gels8120789].

Pd-Loaded Cellulose NanoSponge as a Heterogeneous Catalyst for Suzuki-Miyaura Coupling Reactions

Battocchio, Chiara
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
2022-01-01

Abstract

The (eco)design and synthesis of durable heterogeneous catalysts starting from renewable sources derived from biomass waste represents an important step for reducing environmental impacts of organic transformations. Herein, we report the efficient loading of Pd(II) ions on an eco-safe cellulose-based organic support (CNS), obtained by thermal cross-linking between TEMPO-oxidized cellulose nanofibers and branched polyethyleneimine in the presence of citric acid. A 22.7% w/w Pd-loading on CNS was determined by the ICP-OES technique, while the metal distribution on the xerogel was evidenced by SEM-EDS analysis. XPS analysis confirmed the direct chelation of Pd(II) ions by means of the high number of amino groups present in the network, so that further functionalization of the support with specific ligands was not necessary. The new composite turned to be an efficient heterogeneous pre-catalyst for promoting Suzuki-Miyaura coupling reactions between aryl halides and phenyl boronic acid in water, obtaining yields higher than 90% in 30 min, by operating in a microwave reactor at 100 degrees C and with just 2% w/w of CNS-Pd catalyst with respect to aryl halides (4.5 parts per thousand for Pd). At the end of first reaction cycle, Pd(II) ions on the support resulted in being reduced to Pd(0) while maintaining the same catalytic efficiency. In fact, no leaching was observed at the end of reactions, and five cycles of recycling and reusing of CNS-Pd catalyst provided excellent results in terms of yields and selectivity in the desired products.
Riva, L., Nicastro, G., Liu, M., Battocchio, C., Punta, C., Sacchetti, A. (2022). Pd-Loaded Cellulose NanoSponge as a Heterogeneous Catalyst for Suzuki-Miyaura Coupling Reactions. GELS, 8(12), 789 [10.3390/gels8120789].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11590/426748
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