One of the three narrow rift belts that mark the southern end of the East African Rift System (EARS) intersects the Makgadikgadi Basin of northeastern Botswana. Although tectonic activity in the region is known to have influenced the evolution of these pans, the interrelationship between shoreline geometry, fault strikes, and the intersection of the underlying tectonic terranes has yet to be fully realized. We analyzed faults and subsurface structures in the region of the pans using a field investigation in combination with satellite imagery and geophysical data, to constrain the influence that the regional tectonic regime has had on the formation of the present-day pan geometry. We find that pan shorelines are controlled by the intersection of three preferred fault orientations which can be understood in the context of the "older" terranes they overlie, namely the Magondi Belt and the Limpopo Belt. We propose that the pronounced curvature of the southern Magondi Belt has influ-enced the eastward curvature of the rift-related faults and was likely produced by the impingement of the developing fold belt on the Zimbabwe Craton. Furthermore, limited focal mechanism solutions data from earthquakes north and south of the pans suggests a change in regional extension direction from NW-SE to NE-SW. Determining the relationship between these fault orientations and the underlying tectonic terrains is an important step in understanding the formation of the Makgadikgadi Basin, and more broadly the current tectonic regime of Botswana. The evidence of fault-controlled shorelines within an evaporitic environment may also have implications for regional groundwater activity.

Schmidt, G., Franchi, F., Salvini, F., Selepeng, A.t., Luzzi, E., Schmidt, C., et al. (2023). Fault controlled geometries by inherited tectonic texture at the southern end of the East African Rift System in the Makgadikgadi Basin, northeastern Botswana. TECTONOPHYSICS, 846, 229678 [10.1016/j.tecto.2022.229678].

Fault controlled geometries by inherited tectonic texture at the southern end of the East African Rift System in the Makgadikgadi Basin, northeastern Botswana

Schmidt, G
;
Salvini, F;
2023-01-01

Abstract

One of the three narrow rift belts that mark the southern end of the East African Rift System (EARS) intersects the Makgadikgadi Basin of northeastern Botswana. Although tectonic activity in the region is known to have influenced the evolution of these pans, the interrelationship between shoreline geometry, fault strikes, and the intersection of the underlying tectonic terranes has yet to be fully realized. We analyzed faults and subsurface structures in the region of the pans using a field investigation in combination with satellite imagery and geophysical data, to constrain the influence that the regional tectonic regime has had on the formation of the present-day pan geometry. We find that pan shorelines are controlled by the intersection of three preferred fault orientations which can be understood in the context of the "older" terranes they overlie, namely the Magondi Belt and the Limpopo Belt. We propose that the pronounced curvature of the southern Magondi Belt has influ-enced the eastward curvature of the rift-related faults and was likely produced by the impingement of the developing fold belt on the Zimbabwe Craton. Furthermore, limited focal mechanism solutions data from earthquakes north and south of the pans suggests a change in regional extension direction from NW-SE to NE-SW. Determining the relationship between these fault orientations and the underlying tectonic terrains is an important step in understanding the formation of the Makgadikgadi Basin, and more broadly the current tectonic regime of Botswana. The evidence of fault-controlled shorelines within an evaporitic environment may also have implications for regional groundwater activity.
Schmidt, G., Franchi, F., Salvini, F., Selepeng, A.t., Luzzi, E., Schmidt, C., et al. (2023). Fault controlled geometries by inherited tectonic texture at the southern end of the East African Rift System in the Makgadikgadi Basin, northeastern Botswana. TECTONOPHYSICS, 846, 229678 [10.1016/j.tecto.2022.229678].
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11590/427031
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact