An extensive distribution of water-altered equatorial layered deposits (ELDs) characterizes the densely cratered terrain of Arabia Terra (AT), Mars. The majority of these deposits reside within craters and are easily identified by laterally continuous layering. The processes that led to their formation have been widely investigated, but remain unresolved. Furthermore, their precise spatial distribution as a whole, as well as their relationship to one another individually, has yet to be fully appreciated. This work examines 1,013 craters and emphasizes 45 that were observed to contain ELDs within the eastern half of AT. We present the statistical relationships between crater characteristics (e.g., location, diameter, depth), as well as evidence supporting a southeast-northwest facies change. The 30-2,000-m range of measured deposit thicknesses, accompanied with individual layer thicknesses, correlate with crater elevation either due to water level differences within craters, or a proximal-distal relationship to the source. Air fall or fluid expulsion appear to stand out among all the prevailing depositional hypotheses, however the volume required to fill these craters in an ash fall scenario is in opposition with the locations of known volcanic provinces and the volume of ash that volcanic eruptions produce. This new evidence of a regional facies change provides a unique opportunity to better understand past climate and sedimentary processes on Mars, as well as the putative groundwater level in ancient AT. Ultimately, our results do not agree well with a unified depositional method for these deposits and the possibility of mixed origins should be taken seriously.

Schmidt, G., Pondrelli, M., Salese, F., Rossi, A.P., Le Deit, L., Fueten, F., et al. (2021). Depositional Controls of the Layered Deposits of Arabia Terra, Mars: Hints From Basin Geometries and Stratigraphic Trends. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH. PLANETS, 126(11) [10.1029/2021JE006974].

Depositional Controls of the Layered Deposits of Arabia Terra, Mars: Hints From Basin Geometries and Stratigraphic Trends

Schmidt G.;Salvini F.
2021-01-01

Abstract

An extensive distribution of water-altered equatorial layered deposits (ELDs) characterizes the densely cratered terrain of Arabia Terra (AT), Mars. The majority of these deposits reside within craters and are easily identified by laterally continuous layering. The processes that led to their formation have been widely investigated, but remain unresolved. Furthermore, their precise spatial distribution as a whole, as well as their relationship to one another individually, has yet to be fully appreciated. This work examines 1,013 craters and emphasizes 45 that were observed to contain ELDs within the eastern half of AT. We present the statistical relationships between crater characteristics (e.g., location, diameter, depth), as well as evidence supporting a southeast-northwest facies change. The 30-2,000-m range of measured deposit thicknesses, accompanied with individual layer thicknesses, correlate with crater elevation either due to water level differences within craters, or a proximal-distal relationship to the source. Air fall or fluid expulsion appear to stand out among all the prevailing depositional hypotheses, however the volume required to fill these craters in an ash fall scenario is in opposition with the locations of known volcanic provinces and the volume of ash that volcanic eruptions produce. This new evidence of a regional facies change provides a unique opportunity to better understand past climate and sedimentary processes on Mars, as well as the putative groundwater level in ancient AT. Ultimately, our results do not agree well with a unified depositional method for these deposits and the possibility of mixed origins should be taken seriously.
Schmidt, G., Pondrelli, M., Salese, F., Rossi, A.P., Le Deit, L., Fueten, F., et al. (2021). Depositional Controls of the Layered Deposits of Arabia Terra, Mars: Hints From Basin Geometries and Stratigraphic Trends. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH. PLANETS, 126(11) [10.1029/2021JE006974].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11590/427032
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