We prove the unitarity of the Euclidean nonlocal scalar field theory to all perturbative orders in the loop expansion. The amplitudes in the Euclidean space are calculated assuming that all the particles have purely imaginary energies, and afterwards they are analytically continued to real energies. We show that such amplitudes satisfy the Cutkosky rules and that only the cut diagrams corresponding to normal thresholds contribute to their imaginary part. This implies that the theory is unitary. This analysis is then exported to nonlocal gauge and gravity theories by means of Becchi-Rouet-Stora-Tyutin, or diffeomorphism invariance, and Ward identities.

Briscese, F., Modesto, L. (2019). Cutkosky rules and perturbative unitarity in Euclidean nonlocal quantum field theories. PHYSICAL REVIEW D, 99(10) [10.1103/PhysRevD.99.104043].

Cutkosky rules and perturbative unitarity in Euclidean nonlocal quantum field theories

Briscese F.;
2019-01-01

Abstract

We prove the unitarity of the Euclidean nonlocal scalar field theory to all perturbative orders in the loop expansion. The amplitudes in the Euclidean space are calculated assuming that all the particles have purely imaginary energies, and afterwards they are analytically continued to real energies. We show that such amplitudes satisfy the Cutkosky rules and that only the cut diagrams corresponding to normal thresholds contribute to their imaginary part. This implies that the theory is unitary. This analysis is then exported to nonlocal gauge and gravity theories by means of Becchi-Rouet-Stora-Tyutin, or diffeomorphism invariance, and Ward identities.
Briscese, F., Modesto, L. (2019). Cutkosky rules and perturbative unitarity in Euclidean nonlocal quantum field theories. PHYSICAL REVIEW D, 99(10) [10.1103/PhysRevD.99.104043].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11590/427117
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