We discuss the effect of inter-atoms interactions on the condensation temperature T c of an atomic laboratory trapped Bose-Einstein condensate. We show that, in the mean-field Hartree-Fock and semiclassical approximations, interactions produce a shift Δ T c /T c0 ≈ b 1(a/λ T c ) + b 2(a/λ T c )2 + ψ[a / λ T c ] with a the s-wave scattering length, λ T the thermal wavelength and ψ[a / λ T c ] a non-analytic function such that ψ[0] = ψ′[0] = ψ′′[0] = 0 and |ψ′′′[0]| = ∞. Therefore, with no more assumptions than Hartree-Fock and semiclassical approximations, interaction effecs are perturbative to second order in a / λ T c and the expected non-perturbativity of physical quantities at critical temperature appears only to third order. We compare this finding with different results by other authors, which are based on more than the Hartree-Fock and semiclassical approximations. Moreover, we obtain an analytical estimation for b 2 ≠18.8 which improves a previous numerical result. We also discuss how the discrepancy between b 2 and the empirical value of b 2 = 46 ± 5 may be explained with no need to resort to beyond-mean field effects. © 2013 EDP Sciences, SIF, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Briscese, F. (2013). Interaction effects on atomic laboratory trapped Bose-Einstein condensates. THE EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL. B, CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, 86(8) [10.1140/epjb/e2013-40551-y].

Interaction effects on atomic laboratory trapped Bose-Einstein condensates

Briscese F.
2013-01-01

Abstract

We discuss the effect of inter-atoms interactions on the condensation temperature T c of an atomic laboratory trapped Bose-Einstein condensate. We show that, in the mean-field Hartree-Fock and semiclassical approximations, interactions produce a shift Δ T c /T c0 ≈ b 1(a/λ T c ) + b 2(a/λ T c )2 + ψ[a / λ T c ] with a the s-wave scattering length, λ T the thermal wavelength and ψ[a / λ T c ] a non-analytic function such that ψ[0] = ψ′[0] = ψ′′[0] = 0 and |ψ′′′[0]| = ∞. Therefore, with no more assumptions than Hartree-Fock and semiclassical approximations, interaction effecs are perturbative to second order in a / λ T c and the expected non-perturbativity of physical quantities at critical temperature appears only to third order. We compare this finding with different results by other authors, which are based on more than the Hartree-Fock and semiclassical approximations. Moreover, we obtain an analytical estimation for b 2 ≠18.8 which improves a previous numerical result. We also discuss how the discrepancy between b 2 and the empirical value of b 2 = 46 ± 5 may be explained with no need to resort to beyond-mean field effects. © 2013 EDP Sciences, SIF, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
Briscese, F. (2013). Interaction effects on atomic laboratory trapped Bose-Einstein condensates. THE EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL. B, CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, 86(8) [10.1140/epjb/e2013-40551-y].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11590/427126
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