Black diamond is an emerging material for solar applications. The femtosecond laser surface treatment of pristine transparent diamond allows the solar absorptance to be increased to values greater than 90% from semi-transparency conditions. In addition, the defects introduced by fs-laser treatment strongly increase the diamond surface electrical conductivity and a very-low activation energy is observed at room temperature. In this work, the investigation of electronic transport mechanisms of a fs-laser nanotextured diamond surface is reported. The charge transport was studied down to cryogenic temperatures, in the 30-300 K range. The samples show an activation energy of a few tens of meV in the highest temperature interval and for T < 50 K, the activation energy diminishes to a few meV. Moreover, thanks to fast cycles of measurement, we noticed that the black-diamond samples also seem to show a behavior close to ferromagnetic materials, suggesting electron spin influence over the transport properties. The mentioned properties open a new perspective in designing novel diamond-based biosensors and a deep knowledge of the charge-carrier transport in black diamond becomes fundamental.

Orsini, A., Barettin, D., Ercoli, F., Rossi, M.C., Pettinato, S., Salvatori, S., et al. (2022). Charge Transport Mechanisms of Black Diamond at Cryogenic Temperatures. NANOMATERIALS, 12(13), 2253 [10.3390/nano12132253].

Charge Transport Mechanisms of Black Diamond at Cryogenic Temperatures

Orsini, Andrea
;
Rossi, Maria Cristina;Salvatori, Stefano;Polini, Riccardo;Girolami, Marco;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Black diamond is an emerging material for solar applications. The femtosecond laser surface treatment of pristine transparent diamond allows the solar absorptance to be increased to values greater than 90% from semi-transparency conditions. In addition, the defects introduced by fs-laser treatment strongly increase the diamond surface electrical conductivity and a very-low activation energy is observed at room temperature. In this work, the investigation of electronic transport mechanisms of a fs-laser nanotextured diamond surface is reported. The charge transport was studied down to cryogenic temperatures, in the 30-300 K range. The samples show an activation energy of a few tens of meV in the highest temperature interval and for T < 50 K, the activation energy diminishes to a few meV. Moreover, thanks to fast cycles of measurement, we noticed that the black-diamond samples also seem to show a behavior close to ferromagnetic materials, suggesting electron spin influence over the transport properties. The mentioned properties open a new perspective in designing novel diamond-based biosensors and a deep knowledge of the charge-carrier transport in black diamond becomes fundamental.
2022
Orsini, A., Barettin, D., Ercoli, F., Rossi, M.C., Pettinato, S., Salvatori, S., et al. (2022). Charge Transport Mechanisms of Black Diamond at Cryogenic Temperatures. NANOMATERIALS, 12(13), 2253 [10.3390/nano12132253].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11590/430727
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