This paper describes a compact electronic system employing a synchronous demodulation measurement method for the acquisition of pulsed-current signals. The fabricated prototype shows superior performance in terms of signal-to-noise ratio in comparison to conventional instrumentation performing free-running measurements, especially when extremely narrow pulses are concerned. It shows a reading error around 0.1% independently of the signal duty cycle (D) in the investigated D = 10(-4)-10(-3) range. Conversely, high-precision electrometers display reading errors as high as 30% for a D = 10(-4), which reduces to less than 1% only for D > 3 x 10(-3). Field tests demonstrate that the developed front-end/readout electronics is particularly effective when coupled to dosimeters irradiated with the X-rays sourced by a medical linear accelerator. Therefore, it may surely be exploited for the real-time monitoring of the dosimeter output current, as required in modern radiotherapy techniques employing ultra-narrow pulses of high-energy photons or nuclear particles.

Pettinato, S., Girolami, M., Rossi, M.C., Salvatori, S. (2022). Accurate Signal Conditioning for Pulsed-Current Synchronous Measurements. SENSORS, 22(14), 5360 [10.3390/s22145360].

Accurate Signal Conditioning for Pulsed-Current Synchronous Measurements

Girolami, Marco;Rossi, Maria Cristina;Salvatori, Stefano
2022-01-01

Abstract

This paper describes a compact electronic system employing a synchronous demodulation measurement method for the acquisition of pulsed-current signals. The fabricated prototype shows superior performance in terms of signal-to-noise ratio in comparison to conventional instrumentation performing free-running measurements, especially when extremely narrow pulses are concerned. It shows a reading error around 0.1% independently of the signal duty cycle (D) in the investigated D = 10(-4)-10(-3) range. Conversely, high-precision electrometers display reading errors as high as 30% for a D = 10(-4), which reduces to less than 1% only for D > 3 x 10(-3). Field tests demonstrate that the developed front-end/readout electronics is particularly effective when coupled to dosimeters irradiated with the X-rays sourced by a medical linear accelerator. Therefore, it may surely be exploited for the real-time monitoring of the dosimeter output current, as required in modern radiotherapy techniques employing ultra-narrow pulses of high-energy photons or nuclear particles.
2022
Pettinato, S., Girolami, M., Rossi, M.C., Salvatori, S. (2022). Accurate Signal Conditioning for Pulsed-Current Synchronous Measurements. SENSORS, 22(14), 5360 [10.3390/s22145360].
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11590/430747
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 8
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 6
social impact