Ludwigia hexapetala is an alien aquatic plant considered highly invasive in Europe since it alters freshwater habitats by forming dense mats both in water and along banks, outcompeting natives. Ludwigia effects on the native carnivorous plant Utricularia australis were investigated here. A 21-day indoor experiment was performed by setting up some separate tests in which Utricularia was made to grow both alone (control tests) and together with Ludwigia (arena tests). Water chemical and physical parameters and growth and morphological traits of Utricularia and Ludwigia were analysed weekly. Water samples were also analysed by UV-visible spectra to verify allelochemical (quercitrin) production by Ludwigia. In arena tests, oxygen concentration and pH were lower and conductivity higher than in control tests. Utricularia grew significantly less in arena tests in both shoot length and internode number, and its fresh weight, trap number and internode length decreased more than the control. Quercitrin was found only in arena tests as an allelochemical product released by Ludwigia. Overall, this study demonstrated Ludwigia significantly alters water parameters and negatively affects the growth of Utricularia, showing aggressive and competitive behaviour against this native species. Such evidence suggest that the widespread of L. hexapetala can represent a serious threat to the conservation of native plant diversity occurring in the freshwater habitats it invades.

Pelella, E., Questino, B., Ceschin, S. (2023). Impact of the Alien Aquatic Plant Ludwigia hexapetala on the Native Utricularia australis: Evidence from an Indoor Experiment. PLANTS, 12(4), 811 [10.3390/plants12040811].

Impact of the Alien Aquatic Plant Ludwigia hexapetala on the Native Utricularia australis: Evidence from an Indoor Experiment

Pelella, Emanuele
;
Questino, Beatrice;Ceschin, Simona
2023-01-01

Abstract

Ludwigia hexapetala is an alien aquatic plant considered highly invasive in Europe since it alters freshwater habitats by forming dense mats both in water and along banks, outcompeting natives. Ludwigia effects on the native carnivorous plant Utricularia australis were investigated here. A 21-day indoor experiment was performed by setting up some separate tests in which Utricularia was made to grow both alone (control tests) and together with Ludwigia (arena tests). Water chemical and physical parameters and growth and morphological traits of Utricularia and Ludwigia were analysed weekly. Water samples were also analysed by UV-visible spectra to verify allelochemical (quercitrin) production by Ludwigia. In arena tests, oxygen concentration and pH were lower and conductivity higher than in control tests. Utricularia grew significantly less in arena tests in both shoot length and internode number, and its fresh weight, trap number and internode length decreased more than the control. Quercitrin was found only in arena tests as an allelochemical product released by Ludwigia. Overall, this study demonstrated Ludwigia significantly alters water parameters and negatively affects the growth of Utricularia, showing aggressive and competitive behaviour against this native species. Such evidence suggest that the widespread of L. hexapetala can represent a serious threat to the conservation of native plant diversity occurring in the freshwater habitats it invades.
2023
Pelella, E., Questino, B., Ceschin, S. (2023). Impact of the Alien Aquatic Plant Ludwigia hexapetala on the Native Utricularia australis: Evidence from an Indoor Experiment. PLANTS, 12(4), 811 [10.3390/plants12040811].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11590/438850
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