Polyamines (PAs) are ubiquitous low-molecular-weight aliphatic compounds present in all living organisms and essential for cell growth and differentiation. The developmentally regulated and stress-induced copper amine oxidases (CuAOs) oxidize PAs to aminoaldehydes producing hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and ammonia. The Arabidopsis thaliana CuAO beta (AtCuAO beta) was previously reported to be involved in stomatal closure and early root protoxylem differentiation induced by the wound-signal MeJA via apoplastic H2O2 production, suggesting a role of this enzyme in water balance, by modulating xylem-dependent water supply and stomata-dependent water loss under stress conditions. Furthermore, AtCuAO beta has been shown to mediate early differentiation of root protoxylem induced by leaf wounding, which suggests a whole-plant systemic coordination of water supply and loss through stress-induced stomatal responses and root protoxylem phenotypic plasticity. Among apoplastic ROS generators, the D isoform of the respiratory burst oxidase homolog (RBOH) has been shown to be involved in stress-mediated modulation of stomatal closure as well. In the present study, the specific role of AtCuAO beta and RBOHD in local and systemic perception of leaf and root wounding that triggers stomatal closure was investigated at both injury and distal sites exploiting Atcuao beta and rbohd insertional mutants. Data evidenced that AtCuAO beta-driven H2O2 production mediates both local and systemic leaf-to-leaf and root-to-leaf responses in relation to stomatal movement, Atcuao beta mutants being completely unresponsive to leaf or root wounding. Instead, RBOHD-driven ROS production contributes only to systemic leaf-to-leaf and root-to-leaf stomatal closure, with rbohd mutants showing partial unresponsiveness in distal, but not local, responses. Overall, data herein reported allow us to hypothesize that RBOHD may act downstream of and cooperate with AtCuAO beta in inducing the oxidative burst that leads to systemic wound-triggered stomatal closure.

Fraudentali, I., Pedalino, C., D'Incà, R., Tavladoraki, P., Angelini, R., Cona, A. (2023). Distinct role of AtCuAOβ- and RBOHD-driven H2O2 production in wound-induced local and systemic leaf-to-leaf and root-to-leaf stomatal closure. FRONTIERS IN PLANT SCIENCE, 14, 1154431 [10.3389/fpls.2023.1154431].

Distinct role of AtCuAOβ- and RBOHD-driven H2O2 production in wound-induced local and systemic leaf-to-leaf and root-to-leaf stomatal closure

Fraudentali, Ilaria;Pedalino, Chiara;Tavladoraki, Paraskevi;Angelini, Riccardo;Cona, Alessandra
2023-01-01

Abstract

Polyamines (PAs) are ubiquitous low-molecular-weight aliphatic compounds present in all living organisms and essential for cell growth and differentiation. The developmentally regulated and stress-induced copper amine oxidases (CuAOs) oxidize PAs to aminoaldehydes producing hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and ammonia. The Arabidopsis thaliana CuAO beta (AtCuAO beta) was previously reported to be involved in stomatal closure and early root protoxylem differentiation induced by the wound-signal MeJA via apoplastic H2O2 production, suggesting a role of this enzyme in water balance, by modulating xylem-dependent water supply and stomata-dependent water loss under stress conditions. Furthermore, AtCuAO beta has been shown to mediate early differentiation of root protoxylem induced by leaf wounding, which suggests a whole-plant systemic coordination of water supply and loss through stress-induced stomatal responses and root protoxylem phenotypic plasticity. Among apoplastic ROS generators, the D isoform of the respiratory burst oxidase homolog (RBOH) has been shown to be involved in stress-mediated modulation of stomatal closure as well. In the present study, the specific role of AtCuAO beta and RBOHD in local and systemic perception of leaf and root wounding that triggers stomatal closure was investigated at both injury and distal sites exploiting Atcuao beta and rbohd insertional mutants. Data evidenced that AtCuAO beta-driven H2O2 production mediates both local and systemic leaf-to-leaf and root-to-leaf responses in relation to stomatal movement, Atcuao beta mutants being completely unresponsive to leaf or root wounding. Instead, RBOHD-driven ROS production contributes only to systemic leaf-to-leaf and root-to-leaf stomatal closure, with rbohd mutants showing partial unresponsiveness in distal, but not local, responses. Overall, data herein reported allow us to hypothesize that RBOHD may act downstream of and cooperate with AtCuAO beta in inducing the oxidative burst that leads to systemic wound-triggered stomatal closure.
2023
Fraudentali, I., Pedalino, C., D'Incà, R., Tavladoraki, P., Angelini, R., Cona, A. (2023). Distinct role of AtCuAOβ- and RBOHD-driven H2O2 production in wound-induced local and systemic leaf-to-leaf and root-to-leaf stomatal closure. FRONTIERS IN PLANT SCIENCE, 14, 1154431 [10.3389/fpls.2023.1154431].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11590/439269
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