Introduction: Human robot collaboration is quickly gaining importance in the robotics and ergonomics fields due to its ability to reduce biomechanical risk on the human operator while increasing task efficiency. The performance of the collaboration is typically managed by the introduction of complex algorithms in the robot control schemes to ensure optimality of its behavior; however, a set of tools for characterizing the response of the human operator to the movement of the robot has yet to be developed. Methods: Trunk acceleration was measured and used to define descriptive metrics during various human robot collaboration strategies. Recurrence quantification analysis was used to build a compact description of trunk oscillations. Results and discussion: The results show that a thorough description can be easily developed using such methods; moreover, the obtained values highlight that, when designing strategies for human robot collaboration, ensuring that the subject maintains control of the rhythm of the task allows to maximize comfort in task execution, without affecting efficiency.
Ranaldi, S., Bibbo, D., Corvini, G., Schmid, M., Conforto, S. (2023). Modalities of sequential human robot collaboration trigger different modifications of trunk oscillations. FRONTIERS IN NEUROROBOTICS, 17, 1183164 [10.3389/fnbot.2023.1183164].