The evolution of forearc and backarc domains is usually treated separately, as they are separated by a volcanic arc. We analyse their spatial and temporal relationships in the Tyrrhenian subduction system, using seismic profiles and numerical modelling. A volcanic arc, which included the Marsili volcano, was involved in arc-rifting during the Pliocene. This process led to the formation of an oceanic backarc basin (similar to 1.8 Ma) to the west of the Marsili volcano. The eastern region corresponded to the forearc domain, floored by serpentinised mantle. Here, a new volcanic arc formed at similar to 1 Ma, marking the onset of the forearc-rifting. This work highlights that fluids and melts induce weakening of the volcanic arc region and drive the arc-rifting that led to the backarc basin formation. Later, the slab rollback causes the trench-ward migration of volcanism that led to the forearc- rifting under the control of fluids released from the downgoing plate.

Corradino, M., Balazs, A., Faccenna, C., Pepe, F. (2022). Arc and forearc rifting in the Tyrrhenian subduction system. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 12(1), 4728 [10.1038/s41598-022-08562-w].

Arc and forearc rifting in the Tyrrhenian subduction system

Faccenna, C;Pepe, F
2022-01-01

Abstract

The evolution of forearc and backarc domains is usually treated separately, as they are separated by a volcanic arc. We analyse their spatial and temporal relationships in the Tyrrhenian subduction system, using seismic profiles and numerical modelling. A volcanic arc, which included the Marsili volcano, was involved in arc-rifting during the Pliocene. This process led to the formation of an oceanic backarc basin (similar to 1.8 Ma) to the west of the Marsili volcano. The eastern region corresponded to the forearc domain, floored by serpentinised mantle. Here, a new volcanic arc formed at similar to 1 Ma, marking the onset of the forearc-rifting. This work highlights that fluids and melts induce weakening of the volcanic arc region and drive the arc-rifting that led to the backarc basin formation. Later, the slab rollback causes the trench-ward migration of volcanism that led to the forearc- rifting under the control of fluids released from the downgoing plate.
2022
Corradino, M., Balazs, A., Faccenna, C., Pepe, F. (2022). Arc and forearc rifting in the Tyrrhenian subduction system. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 12(1), 4728 [10.1038/s41598-022-08562-w].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11590/461679
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