The other side of fundamental rights which have to be granted in criminal proceedings concerns those obligations imposed on anyone who is able to give any evidence in a trial. The necessity to discover and trial people who committed a crime pushes legal systems to establish specific rules aimed at punishing people who refused to give evidence or lied on the stand. Because of this, the Italian Code of Criminal procedure imposes some obligations on everyone who has been called to give evidence as a witness.
Di Bitonto, M.L.A. (2022). I ‘doveri di solidarietà’ declinati dal codice di procedura penale: la testimonianza. FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS(1), 45-60.