Background: Epilepsy is a common comorbidity of cerebrovascular disease and an increasing socioeconomic burden. Objective: We aimed to provide an updated comprehensive review on the state of the art about seizures and epilepsy in stroke, cerebral haemorrhage, and leukoaraiosis. Methods: We selected English-written articles on epilepsy, stroke, and small vessel disease up until December 2021. We reported the most recent data about epidemiology, pathophysiology, prognosis, and management for each disease. Results: The main predictors for both ES and PSE are the severity and extent of stroke, the presence of cortical involvement and hemorrhagic transformation, while PSE is also predicted by younger age at stroke onset. Few data exist on physiopathology and seizure semiology, and no randomized controlled trial has been performed to standardize the therapeutic approach to post-stroke epilepsy. Conclusion: Some aspects of ES and PSE have been well explored, particularly epidemiology and risk factors. On the contrary, few data exist on physiopathology, and existing evidence is mainly based on studies on animal models. Little is also known about seizure semiology, which may also be difficult to interpret by non-epileptologists. Moreover, the therapeutic approach needs standardization as regards indications and the choice of specific ASMs. Future research may help to better elucidate these aspects.

Neri, S., Gasparini, S., Pascarella, A., Santangelo, D., Cianci, V., Mammì, A., et al. (2023). Epilepsy in Cerebrovascular Diseases: A Narrative Review. CURRENT NEUROPHARMACOLOGY, 21(8), 1634-1645 [10.2174/1570159x20666220706113925].

Epilepsy in Cerebrovascular Diseases: A Narrative Review

Lo Giudice, Michele;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Background: Epilepsy is a common comorbidity of cerebrovascular disease and an increasing socioeconomic burden. Objective: We aimed to provide an updated comprehensive review on the state of the art about seizures and epilepsy in stroke, cerebral haemorrhage, and leukoaraiosis. Methods: We selected English-written articles on epilepsy, stroke, and small vessel disease up until December 2021. We reported the most recent data about epidemiology, pathophysiology, prognosis, and management for each disease. Results: The main predictors for both ES and PSE are the severity and extent of stroke, the presence of cortical involvement and hemorrhagic transformation, while PSE is also predicted by younger age at stroke onset. Few data exist on physiopathology and seizure semiology, and no randomized controlled trial has been performed to standardize the therapeutic approach to post-stroke epilepsy. Conclusion: Some aspects of ES and PSE have been well explored, particularly epidemiology and risk factors. On the contrary, few data exist on physiopathology, and existing evidence is mainly based on studies on animal models. Little is also known about seizure semiology, which may also be difficult to interpret by non-epileptologists. Moreover, the therapeutic approach needs standardization as regards indications and the choice of specific ASMs. Future research may help to better elucidate these aspects.
2023
Neri, S., Gasparini, S., Pascarella, A., Santangelo, D., Cianci, V., Mammì, A., et al. (2023). Epilepsy in Cerebrovascular Diseases: A Narrative Review. CURRENT NEUROPHARMACOLOGY, 21(8), 1634-1645 [10.2174/1570159x20666220706113925].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11590/470771
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