The inventory of microorganisms responsible for biological deterioration of ancient paintings has become an integral part of restoration activities. Here, the microbial agent of rosy discoloration on medieval frescoes in the Crypt of the Original Sin (Matera, Italy) was identified by a combination of microscopic, molecular, and spectroscopic approaches. The bacterial community from three rosy-discolored painting sites was characterized by 16S rRNA gene-based techniques. The eubacterial population was prevalently composed of Actinobacteria, among which Rubrobacter radiotolerans-related bacteria accounted for 63-87% of the 16S rRNA gene pool per sampled site. Archaea, with prevalence of Haloarchaea-related species, were detected in one of the three sites where archaeal 16S rRNA genes represented less than 0.1% of the entire 16S rRNA gene pool. Raman spectroscopy confirmed the identity between R. radiotolerans carotenoids (bacterioruberins) and pigments responsible for color alteration of frescoes. This investigation provides the first evidence of a causal relationship between heavy contamination by Rubrobacter-related bacterioruberin-producing bacteria and rosy discoloration of ancient wall paintings.

IMPERI FRANCESCO, CANEVA GIULIA, CANCELLIERI LAURA, RICCI MARIA ANTONIETTA, SODO ARMIDA, & VISCA PAOLO (2008). Understanding the etiology of rosy discoloration on ancient wall paintings: a molecular approach.. In Proceedings of the Georgian Arts in the Context of European and Asian Cultures, International Symposium of Georgia Art, Tbilisi, Georgia, 2008..

Understanding the etiology of rosy discoloration on ancient wall paintings: a molecular approach.

IMPERI, FRANCESCO;CANEVA, Giulia;CANCELLIERI, LAURA;RICCI, Maria Antonietta;SODO, ARMIDA;VISCA, PAOLO
2008

Abstract

The inventory of microorganisms responsible for biological deterioration of ancient paintings has become an integral part of restoration activities. Here, the microbial agent of rosy discoloration on medieval frescoes in the Crypt of the Original Sin (Matera, Italy) was identified by a combination of microscopic, molecular, and spectroscopic approaches. The bacterial community from three rosy-discolored painting sites was characterized by 16S rRNA gene-based techniques. The eubacterial population was prevalently composed of Actinobacteria, among which Rubrobacter radiotolerans-related bacteria accounted for 63-87% of the 16S rRNA gene pool per sampled site. Archaea, with prevalence of Haloarchaea-related species, were detected in one of the three sites where archaeal 16S rRNA genes represented less than 0.1% of the entire 16S rRNA gene pool. Raman spectroscopy confirmed the identity between R. radiotolerans carotenoids (bacterioruberins) and pigments responsible for color alteration of frescoes. This investigation provides the first evidence of a causal relationship between heavy contamination by Rubrobacter-related bacterioruberin-producing bacteria and rosy discoloration of ancient wall paintings.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11590/270768
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