"This paper shows the way for designing an analog circuit with the aim to emulating and even to over-performing the behavior of swarm-based algorithms. The proposed circuit is designed on the basis of the mathematical translation of the fundamental equations governing the most famous swarm algorithms from the numerical to the continuum domain. Indeed, it will be shown as the numerical rules related to the swarm algorithms can be suitably interpreted as state equations of an equivalent dynamic analog circuit that reproduces the cinematic characteristics of the trajectories followed by the swarm in terms of voltage and current waveforms. The proposed circuit opens the road to the optimization and to the solution of inverse problems in real-time once it has been implemented by a suitable hardware. The presented circuital model has been tested implemented by means of Matlab Simulink on famous benchmarks."
Laudani, A., Pulcini, G., RIGANTI FULGINEI, F., Salvini, A. (2012). Swarm Circuit Performing Optimization and Inverse Problems. In Oipe2012 - Proceedings (pp.38-39).