Abstract. In this paper, we determine numerically a large class of equilibrium configurations of an elastic two-dimensional continuous pantographic sheet in three-dimensional deformation consisting of two families of fibers which are parabolic prior to deformation. The fibers are assumed (1) to be continuously distributed over the sample, (2) to be endowed of bending and torsional stiffnesses, and (3) tied together at their points of intersection to avoid relative slipping by means of internal (elastic) pivots. This last condition characterizes the system as a pantographic lattice (Alibert and Della Corte in Zeitschrift f¨ur angewandte Mathematik und Physik 66(5):2855–2870, 2015; Alibert et al. in Math Mech Solids 8(1):51–73, 2003; dell’Isola et al. in Int J Non-Linear Mech 80:200–208, 2016; Int J Solids Struct 81:1–12, 2016). The model that we employ here, developed by Steigmann and dell’Isola (Acta Mech Sin 31(3):373–382, 2015) and first investigated in Giorgio et al. (Comptes rendus Mecanique 2016, doi:10.1016/j.crme.2016.02.009), is applicable to fiber lattices in which threedimensional bending, twisting, and stretching are significant as well as a resistance to shear distortion, i.e., to the angle change between the fibers. Some relevant numerical examples are exhibited in order to highlight the main features of the model adopted: In particular, buckling and post-buckling behaviors of pantographic parabolic lattices are investigated. The fabric of the metamaterial presented in this paper has been conceived to resist more effectively in the extensional bias tests by storing more elastic bending energy and less energy in the deformation of elastic pivots: A comparison with a fabric constituted by beams which are straight in the reference configuration shows that the proposed concept is promising.
Scerrato, D., Giorgio, I., Rizzi, N.L. (2016). Three-dimensional instabilities of pantographic sheets with parabolic lattices: numerical investigations. ZEITSCHRIFT FUR ANGEWANDTE MATHEMATIK UND PHYSIK, 67(3) [10.1007/s00033-016-0650-2].