This paper presents the development of a computational aeroelastic tool for the analysis of performance, response and stability of horizontal-axis wind turbines. A nonlinear beam model for blades structural dynamics is coupled with a state-space model for unsteady sectional aerodynamic loads, including dynamic stall effects. Several computational fluid dynamics structural dynamics coupling approaches are investigated to take into account rotor wake inflow influence on downwash, all based on a Boundary Element Method for the solution of incompressible, potential, attached flows. Sectional steady aerodynamic coefficients are extended to high angles of attack in order to characterize wind turbine operations in deep stall regimes. The Galerkin method is applied to the resulting aeroelastic differential system. In this context, a novel approach for the spatial integration of additional aerodynamic states, related to wake vorticity and dynamic stall, is introduced and assessed. Steady-periodic blade responses are evaluated by a harmonic balance approach, whilst a standard eigenproblem is solved for aeroelastic stability analyses. Drawbacks and potentialities of the proposed model are investigated through numerical and experimental comparisons, with particular attention to rotor blades unsteady aerodynamic modelling issues.

Calabretta, A., MOLICA COLELLA, M., Greco, L., Gennaretti, M. (2016). Assessment of a comprehensive aeroelastic tool for horizontal-axis wind turbine rotor analysis. WIND ENERGY [10.1002/we.1983].

Assessment of a comprehensive aeroelastic tool for horizontal-axis wind turbine rotor analysis

CALABRETTA, ANGELO;MOLICA COLELLA, MARCO;GRECO, LUCA;GENNARETTI, MASSIMO
2016-01-01

Abstract

This paper presents the development of a computational aeroelastic tool for the analysis of performance, response and stability of horizontal-axis wind turbines. A nonlinear beam model for blades structural dynamics is coupled with a state-space model for unsteady sectional aerodynamic loads, including dynamic stall effects. Several computational fluid dynamics structural dynamics coupling approaches are investigated to take into account rotor wake inflow influence on downwash, all based on a Boundary Element Method for the solution of incompressible, potential, attached flows. Sectional steady aerodynamic coefficients are extended to high angles of attack in order to characterize wind turbine operations in deep stall regimes. The Galerkin method is applied to the resulting aeroelastic differential system. In this context, a novel approach for the spatial integration of additional aerodynamic states, related to wake vorticity and dynamic stall, is introduced and assessed. Steady-periodic blade responses are evaluated by a harmonic balance approach, whilst a standard eigenproblem is solved for aeroelastic stability analyses. Drawbacks and potentialities of the proposed model are investigated through numerical and experimental comparisons, with particular attention to rotor blades unsteady aerodynamic modelling issues.
Calabretta, A., MOLICA COLELLA, M., Greco, L., Gennaretti, M. (2016). Assessment of a comprehensive aeroelastic tool for horizontal-axis wind turbine rotor analysis. WIND ENERGY [10.1002/we.1983].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11590/306309
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