Asymmetric quantum well systems are excellent candidates to realize semiconductor light emitters at far-infrared wavelengths not covered by other gain media. Group-IV semiconductor heterostructures can be grown on silicon substrates, and their dipole-active intersubband transitions could be used to generate light from devices integrated with silicon electronic circuits. Here, we have realized an optically pumped emitter structure based on a three-level Ge/Si0.18Ge0.82 asymmetric coupled quantum well design. Optical pumping was performed with a tunable free-electron laser emitting at photon energies of 25 and 41 meV, corresponding to the energies of the first two intersubband transitions 0 1 and 0 2 as measured by Fourier-transform spectroscopy. We have studied with a synchronized terahertz time-domain spectroscopy probe the relaxation dynamics after pumping, and we have interpreted the resulting relaxation times (in the range 60 to 110 ps) in the framework of an out-of-equilibrium model of the intersubband electron-phonon dynamics. The spectral changes in the probe pulse transmitted at pump-probe coincidence were monitored in the range 0.7-2.9 THz for different samples and pump intensity and showed indication of both free carrier absorption increase and bleaching of the 1 2 transition. The quantification from data and models of the free carrier losses and of the bleaching efficiency allowed us to predict the conditions for population inversion and to determine a threshold pump power density for lasing around 500 kW/cm2 in our device. The ensemble of our results shows that optical pumping of germanium quantum wells is a promising route toward silicon-integrated far-infrared emitters.

Sabbagh, D., Schmidt, J., Winnerl, S., Helm, M., Di Gaspare, L., De Seta, M., et al. (2016). Electron Dynamics in Silicon-Germanium Terahertz Quantum Fountain Structures. ACS PHOTONICS, 3(3), 403-414 [10.1021/acsphotonics.5b00561].

Electron Dynamics in Silicon-Germanium Terahertz Quantum Fountain Structures

SABBAGH, DIEGO;DI GASPARE, LUCIANA;DE SETA, Monica;
2016

Abstract

Asymmetric quantum well systems are excellent candidates to realize semiconductor light emitters at far-infrared wavelengths not covered by other gain media. Group-IV semiconductor heterostructures can be grown on silicon substrates, and their dipole-active intersubband transitions could be used to generate light from devices integrated with silicon electronic circuits. Here, we have realized an optically pumped emitter structure based on a three-level Ge/Si0.18Ge0.82 asymmetric coupled quantum well design. Optical pumping was performed with a tunable free-electron laser emitting at photon energies of 25 and 41 meV, corresponding to the energies of the first two intersubband transitions 0 1 and 0 2 as measured by Fourier-transform spectroscopy. We have studied with a synchronized terahertz time-domain spectroscopy probe the relaxation dynamics after pumping, and we have interpreted the resulting relaxation times (in the range 60 to 110 ps) in the framework of an out-of-equilibrium model of the intersubband electron-phonon dynamics. The spectral changes in the probe pulse transmitted at pump-probe coincidence were monitored in the range 0.7-2.9 THz for different samples and pump intensity and showed indication of both free carrier absorption increase and bleaching of the 1 2 transition. The quantification from data and models of the free carrier losses and of the bleaching efficiency allowed us to predict the conditions for population inversion and to determine a threshold pump power density for lasing around 500 kW/cm2 in our device. The ensemble of our results shows that optical pumping of germanium quantum wells is a promising route toward silicon-integrated far-infrared emitters.
Sabbagh, D., Schmidt, J., Winnerl, S., Helm, M., Di Gaspare, L., De Seta, M., et al. (2016). Electron Dynamics in Silicon-Germanium Terahertz Quantum Fountain Structures. ACS PHOTONICS, 3(3), 403-414 [10.1021/acsphotonics.5b00561].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11590/308080
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