Electrostatic nonlinearity limits the use of Capacitive Micromachined Ultrasonic Transducers (CMUTs) in nonlinear ultrasound modalities, such as contrast and tissue harmonic imaging. In this paper, we experimentally investigate the performance of a linearization method based on the appli-cation of pre-distorted analog excitation signals whose spectral content compensates the harmonic distortion introduced by the CMUT. The pre-distortion is based on the accurate knowledge of the CMUT non-linear behavior, achieved by estimating the electrical impedance at several bias voltages. We tested the method using a 256-element, 7.5MHz CMUT linear array probe connected to the ULA-OP 256 imaging system. We measured the acoustic pressure generated in water by a CMUT array element excited with both 4 MHz undistorted and pre-distorted signals. When using the pre-distorted signal, the sec-ond harmonic pressure level was reduced by 13 dB, resulting in a final harmonic-to-fundamental level of -30 dB. Fundamen-tal and second harmonic B-mode images of a commercial tis-sue-mimicking phantom were finally generated using both un-distorted and pre-distorted signals. By computing the second harmonic residual power in a region of interest, a reduction of 13 dB was confirmed using the proposed linearization method in a nonlinear ultrasound imaging context.

Savoia, A.S., Caliano, G., Matrone, G., Ramalli, A., Boni, E., Tortoli, P. (2016). Nonlinear ultrasound imaging experiments using a CMUT probe. In IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, IUS. IEEE Computer Society [10.1109/ULTSYM.2016.7728699].

Nonlinear ultrasound imaging experiments using a CMUT probe

SAVOIA, ALESSANDRO STUART;CALIANO, Giosue';
2016-01-01

Abstract

Electrostatic nonlinearity limits the use of Capacitive Micromachined Ultrasonic Transducers (CMUTs) in nonlinear ultrasound modalities, such as contrast and tissue harmonic imaging. In this paper, we experimentally investigate the performance of a linearization method based on the appli-cation of pre-distorted analog excitation signals whose spectral content compensates the harmonic distortion introduced by the CMUT. The pre-distortion is based on the accurate knowledge of the CMUT non-linear behavior, achieved by estimating the electrical impedance at several bias voltages. We tested the method using a 256-element, 7.5MHz CMUT linear array probe connected to the ULA-OP 256 imaging system. We measured the acoustic pressure generated in water by a CMUT array element excited with both 4 MHz undistorted and pre-distorted signals. When using the pre-distorted signal, the sec-ond harmonic pressure level was reduced by 13 dB, resulting in a final harmonic-to-fundamental level of -30 dB. Fundamen-tal and second harmonic B-mode images of a commercial tis-sue-mimicking phantom were finally generated using both un-distorted and pre-distorted signals. By computing the second harmonic residual power in a region of interest, a reduction of 13 dB was confirmed using the proposed linearization method in a nonlinear ultrasound imaging context.
9781467398978
Savoia, A.S., Caliano, G., Matrone, G., Ramalli, A., Boni, E., Tortoli, P. (2016). Nonlinear ultrasound imaging experiments using a CMUT probe. In IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, IUS. IEEE Computer Society [10.1109/ULTSYM.2016.7728699].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11590/317724
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