In this paper, we consider a cognitive indoor visible light communications (VLC) system, comprised of multiple access points serving primary and secondary users through the orthogonal frequency division multiple access method. A cognitive lighting cell is divided into two non-overlapping regions that distinguish the primary and secondary users based on the region they are located in. Under the assumption of equal-power allocation among subcarriers, each region is defined in terms of its physical area and the number of allocated subcarriers within that region. In this paper, we provide the lighting cell design with cognitive constraints that guarantee fulfilling certain illumination, user mobility, and handover requirements in each cell. We further argue that, under some conditions, a careful assignment of the subcarriers in each region can mitigate the co-channel interference in the overlapping areas of adjacent cells. Numerical results depict the influence of different system parameters, such as user density, on defining both regions. Finally, a realistic example is implemented to assess the performance of the proposed scheme via Monte Carlo simulations.
Hammouda, M., Peissig, J., Vegni, A.M. (2017). Design of a cognitive VLC network with illumination and handover requirements. In 2017 IEEE International Conference on Communications Workshops, ICC Workshops 2017 (pp.451-456). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. [10.1109/ICCW.2017.7962699].