A strict connection exists between mobility patterns and urban quality. You don’t need to be an expert to appreciate how some places are more welcoming than others and how, most of the times, those same places are the ones deprived of an object that has been affecting our lives for decades: the car.The automobile allowed the diffusion of settlement patterns characterized by urban sprawl - clearly inspired by the United States - which, where not well regulated, became a “mandatory” instrument for transportation.The big contemporary cities, dominated by the car, have grown following the model of “urban sprawl” in which public space has completely lost its role of “urban armor” and the criteria of urban quality have been completely set apart.Following this growth pattern, the city appears today comprised of fragments that, integrating with the consolidated or historical fabric, produce friction.Today the concept of “sustainability” imposes a change in the settlement patterns, abandoning the globalized culture of suburbanization in favor of urban regeneration.Within this context, public space must once again play a fundamental role in mending the urban fragments produced during the decades of incessant growth of the city and in restoring its quality.Furthermore, urban fragments and residual spaces, too little valued and often forgotten, represent today for the communities that inhabit them an opportunity to rescue their own feeling of belonging and community.Citizens must therefore “reclaim” these parts of the city through the (re)construction of public space, basing on criteria that ensure the urban quality of the project:- participation: since the inclusion of the people who will have to animate those spaces cannot be underestimated, but rather, plays a key role;- cultural valuation: since the recovery of what were the places of memory, the foundation of the community, cannot have a marginal function;- quality of the environment: since guaranteeing biodiversity and the requalification of the existing one in favor of a healthy and revitalized environment is one of the pillars on which the very concept of urban recovery is based.The cities that have favored public transport, bicycles and pedestrians at the expense of private cars, are those today characterized by a superior urban quality.Today, more than ever, mobility planning is an effective urban regeneration tool.Therefore, it is proposed in this context to investigate the evolution that mobility planning, urban policies and government of the territory have registered in recent years, with the aim of dealing with the degradation caused by urban fragmentation, mobility models and the degradation of public space.To achieve that, it is presented a study on the contemporary city and the elements that compose it in order to understand the role that each of them plays in planning. Always with a look at the international scientific scene, studying in detail the phenomenon object of this work, the causes that generate it and the aspects to take into account to stop or interrupt it.As an intervention tool, inspired by a hypothesis developed by the Italian urban planner Marcello Vittorini in 1988, an “urban grammar” is proposed, expressed through a “theoretical grid” aiming to reconfigure urban mobility structures, and oriented towards the regeneration and sustainable development of the city.Taking into account the Barcelona Metropolitan Area, where mobility plans consistent with the criteria of the theoretical grid have already been implemented, a study is presented on the municipality of S. Adrià de Besòs (in the AMB), an urban fragment consisting of a former industrial area of approximately 4 square kilometers. This study is intended to mend this urban fragment and insert it between the fabrics of the municipalities of Barcelona and Badalona, so to re-connect the consolidated city through the application of the “theoretical grid”.

Cerasoli, M., Pandolfi, I. (2019). Calidad urbana, movilidad, calidad de vida. Una gramática para el renacimiento de la ciudad. Una propuesta para el nuevo “barrio de la industria” en Sant Adrià del Besòs, Barcelona. In XIII CTV 2019 Proceedings: XIII International Conference on Virtual City and Territory: “Challenges and paradigms of the contemporary city”: UPC, Barcelona, October 2-4, 2019 (pp.1-12) [10.5821/ctv.8747].

Calidad urbana, movilidad, calidad de vida. Una gramática para el renacimiento de la ciudad. Una propuesta para el nuevo “barrio de la industria” en Sant Adrià del Besòs, Barcelona

mario cerasoli;ilaria pandolfi
2019-01-01

Abstract

A strict connection exists between mobility patterns and urban quality. You don’t need to be an expert to appreciate how some places are more welcoming than others and how, most of the times, those same places are the ones deprived of an object that has been affecting our lives for decades: the car.The automobile allowed the diffusion of settlement patterns characterized by urban sprawl - clearly inspired by the United States - which, where not well regulated, became a “mandatory” instrument for transportation.The big contemporary cities, dominated by the car, have grown following the model of “urban sprawl” in which public space has completely lost its role of “urban armor” and the criteria of urban quality have been completely set apart.Following this growth pattern, the city appears today comprised of fragments that, integrating with the consolidated or historical fabric, produce friction.Today the concept of “sustainability” imposes a change in the settlement patterns, abandoning the globalized culture of suburbanization in favor of urban regeneration.Within this context, public space must once again play a fundamental role in mending the urban fragments produced during the decades of incessant growth of the city and in restoring its quality.Furthermore, urban fragments and residual spaces, too little valued and often forgotten, represent today for the communities that inhabit them an opportunity to rescue their own feeling of belonging and community.Citizens must therefore “reclaim” these parts of the city through the (re)construction of public space, basing on criteria that ensure the urban quality of the project:- participation: since the inclusion of the people who will have to animate those spaces cannot be underestimated, but rather, plays a key role;- cultural valuation: since the recovery of what were the places of memory, the foundation of the community, cannot have a marginal function;- quality of the environment: since guaranteeing biodiversity and the requalification of the existing one in favor of a healthy and revitalized environment is one of the pillars on which the very concept of urban recovery is based.The cities that have favored public transport, bicycles and pedestrians at the expense of private cars, are those today characterized by a superior urban quality.Today, more than ever, mobility planning is an effective urban regeneration tool.Therefore, it is proposed in this context to investigate the evolution that mobility planning, urban policies and government of the territory have registered in recent years, with the aim of dealing with the degradation caused by urban fragmentation, mobility models and the degradation of public space.To achieve that, it is presented a study on the contemporary city and the elements that compose it in order to understand the role that each of them plays in planning. Always with a look at the international scientific scene, studying in detail the phenomenon object of this work, the causes that generate it and the aspects to take into account to stop or interrupt it.As an intervention tool, inspired by a hypothesis developed by the Italian urban planner Marcello Vittorini in 1988, an “urban grammar” is proposed, expressed through a “theoretical grid” aiming to reconfigure urban mobility structures, and oriented towards the regeneration and sustainable development of the city.Taking into account the Barcelona Metropolitan Area, where mobility plans consistent with the criteria of the theoretical grid have already been implemented, a study is presented on the municipality of S. Adrià de Besòs (in the AMB), an urban fragment consisting of a former industrial area of approximately 4 square kilometers. This study is intended to mend this urban fragment and insert it between the fabrics of the municipalities of Barcelona and Badalona, so to re-connect the consolidated city through the application of the “theoretical grid”.
Existe un vínculo estrecho entre patrones de movilidad y calidad urbana. No hace falta tener un ojo experto para apreciar como algunos lugares resulten más acogedores que otros y como la mayoría de las veces estos lugares son los que se ven privados de un objeto que desde hace décadas afecta nuestras vidas: el automóvil.El automóvil permitió la difusión de patrones de asentamiento caracterizados por la dispersión urbana – de clara inspiración norteamericana – y que, allí donde no ha sido bien regulado, se ha convertido en un instrumento “obligatorio” de transporte.Las grandes ciudades contemporáneas, justo dominadas por el coche, han crecido siguiendo el modelo de “ciudad dispersa” (“urban sprawl”) en la que el espacio público ha totalmente perdido su papel de “armadura urbana” y los caracteres de calidad urbana han sido completamente apartados.Un crecimiento por el cual la ciudad hoy aparece también constituida por fragmentos que producen fricciones, físicas y sociales.Hoy en día el concepto de “sostenibilidad” impone un cambio de los patrones de asentamiento, abandonando la cultura – globalizada – de la suburbanización a favor de la de regeneración urbana.El espacio público debe volver a desempeñar un papel fundamental para remendar fragmentos urbanos producidos durante las décadas de crecimiento incesante de la ciudad y restaurar la calidad de las ciudades.Además, los fragmentos urbanos, espacios residuales, demasiado poco valorados y frecuentemente olvidados, constituyen hoy una oportunidad para las comunidades que los habitan, a través del cual la ciudadanía puede rescatar su propio sentimiento de pertenencia y de comunidad: rescata su ciudad.Los ciudadanos deben por lo tanto “reclamar” estas partes de ciudad por medio de la (re)construcción del espacio público sobre la base de criterios que aseguren la calidad urbana del proyecto:- participación: ya que la inclusión de las personas que tendrán que animar aquellos espacios no puede subestimarse, sino al contrario, desempeña un papel clave;- valoración cultural: puesto que la recuperación de los que eran los lugares de la memoria, el fundamento de la comunidad, no pueden tener una función marginal;- calidad del medio ambiente: puesto que garantizar la biodiversidad y la recalificación del existente en favor de un entorno saludable y revitalizado constituye uno de los pilares en que se fundamenta el concepto mismo de recuperación urbana.Las ciudades que han favorecido el transporte público, las bicicletas y los peatones frente al utilizo del coche privado, son las que hoy en día se caracterizan por una calidad urbana superior.Hoy más que nunca la planificación de la movilidad constituye una herramienta eficaz de regeneración urbana.Por consiguiente, en ese contexto se propone, por un lado, investigar la evolución que la planificación de la movilidad, las políticas urbanas y el gobierno del territorio han registrado durante los últimos años con el objetivo para hacer frente a la degradación producida por los fragmentos urbanos, los patrones insostenibles de movilidad y la degradación del espacio público.Para lograr este objetivo, se presenta un estudio sobre la ciudad contemporánea y los elementos que la componen, para comprender el papel que cada uno de ellos desempeña en la planificación, con una mirada hacia los paisajes científicos internacionales, estudiando en detalle el fenómeno objeto de nuestro trabajo, las causas que lo generan y los aspectos a tener en cuenta para detenerlo o interrumpirlo.Como herramienta de intervención, inspirada en una hipótesis desarrollada por el urbanista italiano Marcello Vittorini en 1988, se propone una “gramática urbana” que se expresa a través de una “grilla teórica” que apunta a reconfigurar las estructuras de movilidad urbana y está orientada a la regeneración y el desarrollo sostenible de la ciudad.Teniendo en cuenta el Área Metropolitana de Barcelona, donde ya se han implementado planes de la movilidad coherentes con los criterios de la grilla teórica, se presenta un estudio sobre el municipio de S. Adrià de Besòs (en el AMB), donde hay un fragmento urbano constituido por una ex zona industrial de aproximadamente 4 kilómetros cuadrados. Este estudio tuvo el objetivo de remendar ese fragmento urbano, insertado entre los tejidos consolidados de los municipios de Barcelona y Badalona, y re-conectarlo a la ciudad consolidada por medio de la aplicación de la “grilla teórica”.
Cerasoli, M., Pandolfi, I. (2019). Calidad urbana, movilidad, calidad de vida. Una gramática para el renacimiento de la ciudad. Una propuesta para el nuevo “barrio de la industria” en Sant Adrià del Besòs, Barcelona. In XIII CTV 2019 Proceedings: XIII International Conference on Virtual City and Territory: “Challenges and paradigms of the contemporary city”: UPC, Barcelona, October 2-4, 2019 (pp.1-12) [10.5821/ctv.8747].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11590/365551
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