The aim of this study is to explore the nexus among CO2 emissions, energy use, and GDP in Russia using annual data ranging from 1970 to 2017. We first conduct time-series analyses (stationarity, structural breaks, and cointegration tests). Then, we present a new D2C algorithm, and we run a Machine Learning experiment. Comparing the results of the two approaches, we conclude that economic growth causes energy use and CO2 emissions. However, the critical analysis underlines how the variance decomposition justifies the qualitative approach of using economic growth to immediately implement expenses for the use of alternative energies able to reduce polluting emissions. Finally, robustness checks to validate the results through a new D2C algorithm are performed. In essence, we demonstrate the existence of causal links in sub-permanent states among these variables.

Magazzino, C., Mele, M. (2022). A New Machine Learning Algorithm to Explore the CO2 Emissions-Energy Use-Economic Growth Trilemma. ANNALS OF OPERATIONS RESEARCH [10.1007/s10479-022-04787-0].

A New Machine Learning Algorithm to Explore the CO2 Emissions-Energy Use-Economic Growth Trilemma

Magazzino, Cosimo
;
Mele, Marco
2022

Abstract

The aim of this study is to explore the nexus among CO2 emissions, energy use, and GDP in Russia using annual data ranging from 1970 to 2017. We first conduct time-series analyses (stationarity, structural breaks, and cointegration tests). Then, we present a new D2C algorithm, and we run a Machine Learning experiment. Comparing the results of the two approaches, we conclude that economic growth causes energy use and CO2 emissions. However, the critical analysis underlines how the variance decomposition justifies the qualitative approach of using economic growth to immediately implement expenses for the use of alternative energies able to reduce polluting emissions. Finally, robustness checks to validate the results through a new D2C algorithm are performed. In essence, we demonstrate the existence of causal links in sub-permanent states among these variables.
Magazzino, C., Mele, M. (2022). A New Machine Learning Algorithm to Explore the CO2 Emissions-Energy Use-Economic Growth Trilemma. ANNALS OF OPERATIONS RESEARCH [10.1007/s10479-022-04787-0].
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11590/412000
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact