The nanorod morphology of the CeO2 support has been recognized as more beneficial than other morphologies for catalytic activity in the dry reforming of methane. Ni/nanorod-CeO2 catalysts with different Ni contents were prepared by one-pot hydrothermal synthesis. Samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), H2-temperature-programmed reduction (H2-TPR), H2- temperature-programmed desorption (H2-TPD), field emission scanning electron microscopy/energy dispersive spectroscopy (FE-SEM/EDS), Brunauer–Emmet–Teller (BET) and Barrett–Joyner–Halenda (BHJ) analysis. The effect of Ni content on the size and the intrinsic strain of ceria was analyzed by the Size–Strain plot and Williamson–Hall plot of XRD data. The average Ni particle size and Ni dispersion were determined by H2-TPD. XRD and H2-TPR analysis revealed a strong Ni–support interaction that limited nickel sintering. The activity for the dry reforming of methane was tested with the stoichiometric mixture CO2:CH4:N2:He = 20:20:20:140, gas hourly space velocity (GHSV) = 300 L g−1 h−1, and temperatures in the range of 545–800 ◦C. The turnover frequency (TOF) value increased linearly with the average Ni particle size in the range of 5.5–33 nm, suggesting the structure sensitivity of the reaction. Samples with Ni loading of 4–12 wt.% showed high H2/CO selectivity and stability over time on stream, whereas the sample with a Ni loading of 2 wt.% was less selective and underwent rapid deactivation. Only a small amount of nanotubular carbon was observed by FE-SEM after the time-on-stream experiment. Deactivation of the low-Ni-content sample is ascribed to the easier oxidation of the small Ni particles.

Tuti, S., Luisetto, I., Pasqual Laverdura, U., & Marconi, E. (2022). Dry Reforming of Methane on Ni/Nanorod-CeO2 Catalysts Prepared by One-Pot Hydrothermal Synthesis: The Effect of Ni Content on Structure, Activity, and Stability. REACTIONS, 3(3), 333-351 [10.3390/reactions3030025].

Dry Reforming of Methane on Ni/Nanorod-CeO2 Catalysts Prepared by One-Pot Hydrothermal Synthesis: The Effect of Ni Content on Structure, Activity, and Stability

Tuti, Simonetta
;
Pasqual Laverdura, Umberto;Marconi, Eleonora
2022

Abstract

The nanorod morphology of the CeO2 support has been recognized as more beneficial than other morphologies for catalytic activity in the dry reforming of methane. Ni/nanorod-CeO2 catalysts with different Ni contents were prepared by one-pot hydrothermal synthesis. Samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), H2-temperature-programmed reduction (H2-TPR), H2- temperature-programmed desorption (H2-TPD), field emission scanning electron microscopy/energy dispersive spectroscopy (FE-SEM/EDS), Brunauer–Emmet–Teller (BET) and Barrett–Joyner–Halenda (BHJ) analysis. The effect of Ni content on the size and the intrinsic strain of ceria was analyzed by the Size–Strain plot and Williamson–Hall plot of XRD data. The average Ni particle size and Ni dispersion were determined by H2-TPD. XRD and H2-TPR analysis revealed a strong Ni–support interaction that limited nickel sintering. The activity for the dry reforming of methane was tested with the stoichiometric mixture CO2:CH4:N2:He = 20:20:20:140, gas hourly space velocity (GHSV) = 300 L g−1 h−1, and temperatures in the range of 545–800 ◦C. The turnover frequency (TOF) value increased linearly with the average Ni particle size in the range of 5.5–33 nm, suggesting the structure sensitivity of the reaction. Samples with Ni loading of 4–12 wt.% showed high H2/CO selectivity and stability over time on stream, whereas the sample with a Ni loading of 2 wt.% was less selective and underwent rapid deactivation. Only a small amount of nanotubular carbon was observed by FE-SEM after the time-on-stream experiment. Deactivation of the low-Ni-content sample is ascribed to the easier oxidation of the small Ni particles.
Tuti, S., Luisetto, I., Pasqual Laverdura, U., & Marconi, E. (2022). Dry Reforming of Methane on Ni/Nanorod-CeO2 Catalysts Prepared by One-Pot Hydrothermal Synthesis: The Effect of Ni Content on Structure, Activity, and Stability. REACTIONS, 3(3), 333-351 [10.3390/reactions3030025].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11590/412400
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