Migrant networks and institutional actors are key features of the recent European immigration experience both at the local, national and supranational level of governance. The influence of evolving migration regimes and supranational institutions as the European Union is then a distinctive feature of the East-West mobility in comparison to the much studied American model. Transnational lifestyle patterns originate also from top-down policy making approaches that can be observed in the East-West geographical context. (...)
Ruspini, P. (2010). The Transformation of the European Migration System. In Migratory Processes in Europe: Evolution of the Migratory Interactions of the EU and Central and Eastern European Countries. Odessa - UKR : Center for Migration Studies of Odessa National Academy of Telecommunication named after A.S. Popov.