When drivers approach a signalized intersection at the start of the yellow signal, they might be reluctant to decide whether to stop or go through the intersection due to the dilemma zone (DZ), with the consequent risk of improper behaviors that can lead to rear-end collisions and right-angle crashes. The main goal of this research is to analyze the driver's behavior at the onset of the yellow signal and to identify the most effective countermeasures for the resolution of the dilemma zone in order to improve the safety and efficiency of urban signalized intersections. A driving simulator study was carried out, and three different countermeasures were specifically designed and tested: Green Signal Countdown Timers (GSCT) (C1); a new scheme of vertical and horizontal warning signs (C2); and an in-vehicle advanced driving assistance system that uses Augmented Reality (AR) and connected vehicle technologies (C3). Forty-six volunteers took part in the experiments, driving the same scenario four times (three with countermeasures and one as a baseline condition). The results demonstrated that with countermeasure C1, the length of the DZ increased with respect to the baseline condition; moreover, the stop/go drivers’ decisions were found to be more inconsistent, increasing the potential risk of rear-end crashes. Conversely, countermeasures C2 and C3 resulted in a reduction of DZ length (-30.5% and 21.6%, respectively); in addition, C2 was found to be the one that recorded the greatest consistency of drivers’ decision-making behaviors, while C3 provided the drivers with timely and personalized early-stop warnings and recorded fewer wrong behaviors. Based on the results of this study, C2 and C3 countermeasures might be a good way to improve safety and operations at urban signalized intersections and cut down on the number of drivers who aren't sure what to do when the yellow light comes on.

Calvi, A., D'Amico, F., Ferrante, C., Petrella, C. (2022). Assessing the Impact of Safety Countermeasures on Dilemma Zones at Signalized Intersections of Urban Roads: a Driving Simulator Study. In Transportation Research Procedia.

Assessing the Impact of Safety Countermeasures on Dilemma Zones at Signalized Intersections of Urban Roads: a Driving Simulator Study

Alessandro Calvi
;
Fabrizio D'Amico;Chiara Ferrante;
2022

Abstract

When drivers approach a signalized intersection at the start of the yellow signal, they might be reluctant to decide whether to stop or go through the intersection due to the dilemma zone (DZ), with the consequent risk of improper behaviors that can lead to rear-end collisions and right-angle crashes. The main goal of this research is to analyze the driver's behavior at the onset of the yellow signal and to identify the most effective countermeasures for the resolution of the dilemma zone in order to improve the safety and efficiency of urban signalized intersections. A driving simulator study was carried out, and three different countermeasures were specifically designed and tested: Green Signal Countdown Timers (GSCT) (C1); a new scheme of vertical and horizontal warning signs (C2); and an in-vehicle advanced driving assistance system that uses Augmented Reality (AR) and connected vehicle technologies (C3). Forty-six volunteers took part in the experiments, driving the same scenario four times (three with countermeasures and one as a baseline condition). The results demonstrated that with countermeasure C1, the length of the DZ increased with respect to the baseline condition; moreover, the stop/go drivers’ decisions were found to be more inconsistent, increasing the potential risk of rear-end crashes. Conversely, countermeasures C2 and C3 resulted in a reduction of DZ length (-30.5% and 21.6%, respectively); in addition, C2 was found to be the one that recorded the greatest consistency of drivers’ decision-making behaviors, while C3 provided the drivers with timely and personalized early-stop warnings and recorded fewer wrong behaviors. Based on the results of this study, C2 and C3 countermeasures might be a good way to improve safety and operations at urban signalized intersections and cut down on the number of drivers who aren't sure what to do when the yellow light comes on.
Calvi, A., D'Amico, F., Ferrante, C., Petrella, C. (2022). Assessing the Impact of Safety Countermeasures on Dilemma Zones at Signalized Intersections of Urban Roads: a Driving Simulator Study. In Transportation Research Procedia.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11590/417367
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