Context. The discovery of hundreds of quasi-stellar objects (QSOs) in the first gigayear of the Universe powered by already grown supermassive black holes (SMBHs) challenges our knowledge of SMBH formation. In particular, investigations of z>6 QSOs that present notable properties can provide unique information on the physics of fast SMBH growth in the early Universe.Aims. We present the results of follow-up observations of the z=6.515 radio-quiet QSO PSO167-13, which is interacting with a close companion galaxy. The PSO167-13 system has recently been proposed to host the first heavily obscured X-ray source at high redshift. The goals of these new observations are to confirm the existence of the X-ray source and to investigate the rest-frame UV properties of the QSO.Methods. We observed the PSO167-13 system with Chandra/ACIS-S (177 ks) and obtained new spectroscopic observations (7.2 h) with Magellan/FIRE.Results. No significant X-ray emission is detected from the PSO167-13 system, suggesting that the obscured X-ray source previously tentatively detected was either due to a strong background fluctuation or is highly variable. The upper limit (90% confidence level) on the X-ray emission of PSO167-13 (L2-10 keV<8.3x10(43) erg s(-1)) is the lowest available for a z>6 QSO. The ratio between the X-ray and UV luminosity of alpha (ox)<-1.95 makes PSO167-13 a strong outlier from the (ox)-L-UV and L-X-L-bol relations. In particular, its X-ray emission is more than six times weaker than the expectation based on its UV luminosity. The new Magellan/FIRE spectrum of PSO167-13 is strongly affected by unfavorable sky conditions, but the tentatively detected C IV and Mg II emission lines appear strongly blueshifted.Conclusions. The most plausible explanations for the X-ray weakness of PSO167-13 are intrinsic weakness or small-scale absorption by Compton-thick material. The possible strong blueshift of its emission lines hints at the presence of nuclear winds, which could be related to its X-ray weakness.

Vito, F., Brandt, W.N., Ricci, F., Congiu, E., Connor, T., Ba??ados, E., et al. (2021). Chandra and Magellan /FIRE follow-up observations of PSO167???13: An X-ray weak QSO at z = 6.515. ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS, 649, 133 [10.1051/0004-6361/202140399].

Chandra and Magellan /FIRE follow-up observations of PSO167???13: An X-ray weak QSO at z = 6.515

F. Ricci
Investigation
;
C. Vignali;A. Comastri;
2021

Abstract

Context. The discovery of hundreds of quasi-stellar objects (QSOs) in the first gigayear of the Universe powered by already grown supermassive black holes (SMBHs) challenges our knowledge of SMBH formation. In particular, investigations of z>6 QSOs that present notable properties can provide unique information on the physics of fast SMBH growth in the early Universe.Aims. We present the results of follow-up observations of the z=6.515 radio-quiet QSO PSO167-13, which is interacting with a close companion galaxy. The PSO167-13 system has recently been proposed to host the first heavily obscured X-ray source at high redshift. The goals of these new observations are to confirm the existence of the X-ray source and to investigate the rest-frame UV properties of the QSO.Methods. We observed the PSO167-13 system with Chandra/ACIS-S (177 ks) and obtained new spectroscopic observations (7.2 h) with Magellan/FIRE.Results. No significant X-ray emission is detected from the PSO167-13 system, suggesting that the obscured X-ray source previously tentatively detected was either due to a strong background fluctuation or is highly variable. The upper limit (90% confidence level) on the X-ray emission of PSO167-13 (L2-10 keV<8.3x10(43) erg s(-1)) is the lowest available for a z>6 QSO. The ratio between the X-ray and UV luminosity of alpha (ox)<-1.95 makes PSO167-13 a strong outlier from the (ox)-L-UV and L-X-L-bol relations. In particular, its X-ray emission is more than six times weaker than the expectation based on its UV luminosity. The new Magellan/FIRE spectrum of PSO167-13 is strongly affected by unfavorable sky conditions, but the tentatively detected C IV and Mg II emission lines appear strongly blueshifted.Conclusions. The most plausible explanations for the X-ray weakness of PSO167-13 are intrinsic weakness or small-scale absorption by Compton-thick material. The possible strong blueshift of its emission lines hints at the presence of nuclear winds, which could be related to its X-ray weakness.
Vito, F., Brandt, W.N., Ricci, F., Congiu, E., Connor, T., Ba??ados, E., et al. (2021). Chandra and Magellan /FIRE follow-up observations of PSO167???13: An X-ray weak QSO at z = 6.515. ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS, 649, 133 [10.1051/0004-6361/202140399].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11590/420020
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