To understand the origin of nuclear (less than or similar to 100 pc) millimeter-wave (mm-wave) continuum emission in active galactic nuclei (AGNs), we systematically analyzed subarcsecond resolution Band-6 (211-275 GHz) Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array data of 98 nearby AGNs (z < 0.05) from the 70 month Swift/BAT catalog. The sample, almost unbiased for obscured systems, provides the largest number of AGNs to date with high mm-wave spatial resolution sampling (similar to 1-200 pc), and spans broad ranges of 14-150 keV luminosity {40< log [L-14(-150)/(erg s(-1))] < 45}, black hole mass [5 < log(M-BH/M-circle dot) < 10], and Eddington ratio (-4 < log lambda(Edd) < 2). We find a significant correlation between 1.3 mm (230 GHz) and 14-150 keV luminosities. Its scatter is approximate to 0.36 dex, and the mm-wave emission may serve as a good proxy of the AGN luminosity, free of dust extinction up to N-H similar to 10(26) CM-2. While the mm-wave emission could be self-absorbed synchrotron radiation around the X-ray corona according to past works, we also discuss different possible origins of the mm-wave emission: AGN-related dust emission, outflow-driven shocks, and a small-scale (<200 pc) jet. The dust emission is unlikely to be dominant, as the mm-wave slope is generally flatter than expected. Also, due to no increase in the mm-wave luminosity with the Eddington ratio, a radiation-driven outflow model is possibly not the common mechanism Furthermore, we find independence of the mm-wave luminosity on indicators of the inclination angle from the polar axis of the nuclear structure, which is inconsistent with a jet model whose luminosity depends only on the angle.

Kawamuro, T., Ricci, C., Imanishi, M., Mushotzky, R.F., Izumi, T., Ricci, F., et al. (2022). BASS XXXII: Studying the Nuclear Millimeter-wave Continuum Emission of AGNs with ALMA at Scales <~100-200 pc. THE ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, 938(1), 87 [10.3847/1538-4357/ac8794].

BASS XXXII: Studying the Nuclear Millimeter-wave Continuum Emission of AGNs with ALMA at Scales <~100-200 pc

Federica Ricci
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
2022-01-01

Abstract

To understand the origin of nuclear (less than or similar to 100 pc) millimeter-wave (mm-wave) continuum emission in active galactic nuclei (AGNs), we systematically analyzed subarcsecond resolution Band-6 (211-275 GHz) Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array data of 98 nearby AGNs (z < 0.05) from the 70 month Swift/BAT catalog. The sample, almost unbiased for obscured systems, provides the largest number of AGNs to date with high mm-wave spatial resolution sampling (similar to 1-200 pc), and spans broad ranges of 14-150 keV luminosity {40< log [L-14(-150)/(erg s(-1))] < 45}, black hole mass [5 < log(M-BH/M-circle dot) < 10], and Eddington ratio (-4 < log lambda(Edd) < 2). We find a significant correlation between 1.3 mm (230 GHz) and 14-150 keV luminosities. Its scatter is approximate to 0.36 dex, and the mm-wave emission may serve as a good proxy of the AGN luminosity, free of dust extinction up to N-H similar to 10(26) CM-2. While the mm-wave emission could be self-absorbed synchrotron radiation around the X-ray corona according to past works, we also discuss different possible origins of the mm-wave emission: AGN-related dust emission, outflow-driven shocks, and a small-scale (<200 pc) jet. The dust emission is unlikely to be dominant, as the mm-wave slope is generally flatter than expected. Also, due to no increase in the mm-wave luminosity with the Eddington ratio, a radiation-driven outflow model is possibly not the common mechanism Furthermore, we find independence of the mm-wave luminosity on indicators of the inclination angle from the polar axis of the nuclear structure, which is inconsistent with a jet model whose luminosity depends only on the angle.
Kawamuro, T., Ricci, C., Imanishi, M., Mushotzky, R.F., Izumi, T., Ricci, F., et al. (2022). BASS XXXII: Studying the Nuclear Millimeter-wave Continuum Emission of AGNs with ALMA at Scales <~100-200 pc. THE ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, 938(1), 87 [10.3847/1538-4357/ac8794].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11590/425788
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