In Italy, fragile territories (the "internal areas") are highly exposed to natural risks (hydrogeological instability, earthquakes, floods, radon, etc.). Despite this and the catastrophic events that constantly occur, there are still structural gaps in the approach to risk mitigation: disorder in roles and competencies of the different actors involved, difficulties in defining comprehensive risk scenarios and difficulties in implementing systemic and structural risk mitigation programs/projects that are well integrated with the other planning objectives. With the intention of providing an organic response to all these issues, the Roma Tre University has developed the interdepartmental research project OPERA, led by the Department of Architecture. The objective of the project is to overcome the emergency logic of post-disaster intervention and take the constructive path of planned and systematic prevention. The result of the project has been a Protocol for the prevention and mitigation of natural risks, which is the object of this contribution. Including both the administrative and procedural aspects and the technical-disciplinary ones, the Protocol highlights the need to address the issue of risk mitigation in its entirety, with a multi-disciplinary point of view. It was built as an instrument for systematizing knowledge and simplifying processes, useful for the technicians of the small municipalities as well as for the various stakeholders involved at different levels in risk mitigation practices. It is structured as an agile instrument, useful for organizing information and describing procedures, from the very initial steps of risk analysis and evaluation to the implementation of the projects of risk mitigation. The power of such an instrument lies in the acknowledgment of both the need for simplicity and complexity in the process of risk mitigation: simplicity in the implementation of the process and complexity for understanding the mutual interaction of natural and anthropic actions.
Cerasoli, M., Eusebio, A. (2023). Territorios frágiles y riesgos naturales: una propuesta de Protocolo para la mitigación de riesgos. In CTV 2020, XIV Congreso Internacional Ciudad y Territorio Virtual, Nuevos retos para el desarrollo contemporáneo de la ciudad (pp.1-10). Barcelona : Centro de Política de Suelo y Valoraciones de la Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya [10.5821/ctv.11412].