Aims Classification of plant communities and identification of their diagnostic species in different types of rocky outcrops in mountains from Central Argentina. We also explored how these plant communities differ in their endemisms, chorotypes and non-natives species composition, as well as in rock chemistry, elevation and climatic variables. Location Cordoba Province, Central Argentina. Methods The study was based on 505 phytosociological releves collected from 2009 to 2019 using the Braun-Blanquet cover-abundance scale. The hierarchical ISOmetric feature mapping and Partition Around Medoids (ISOPAM) analysis was applied. The vegetation matrix was ordinated through isometric feature mapping (ISOMAP), and the geochemical and bioclimatic variables were related to the ISOMAP ordination. Results We identified 14 plant communities distributed in three main clusters. We recorded 59 endemic species at the national level and 28 narrow endemics, restricted to the study area and nearby mountains. The number of non-native plants was relatively low (26 species). Perennial herbs (221 species), grasses (97 species) and shrubs (68 species) were the most prominent life forms. Plant communities were associated with rock chemistry (carbonate and acidic rocks), and also with elevation and climatic variables. Conclusion This study highlights the remarkable heterogeneity of outcrop vegetation in Central Argentina. It reveals that elevation and rock type (geochemical composition) were relevant factors associated with the floristic composition of plant communities and also, that outcrop habitats comprise a high level of endemisms, as well as a low number of non-native species, suggesting a high value for the conservation of local and regional biodiversity.

Cantero, J.j., Zeballos, S.r., Nunez, C.o., Sfragulla, J., Acosta, A., Funes, G., et al. (2022). Classification of rocky outcrops plant communities in the mountains of Central Argentina. APPLIED VEGETATION SCIENCE, 25(4) [10.1111/avsc.12686].

Classification of rocky outcrops plant communities in the mountains of Central Argentina

Acosta, ATR;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Aims Classification of plant communities and identification of their diagnostic species in different types of rocky outcrops in mountains from Central Argentina. We also explored how these plant communities differ in their endemisms, chorotypes and non-natives species composition, as well as in rock chemistry, elevation and climatic variables. Location Cordoba Province, Central Argentina. Methods The study was based on 505 phytosociological releves collected from 2009 to 2019 using the Braun-Blanquet cover-abundance scale. The hierarchical ISOmetric feature mapping and Partition Around Medoids (ISOPAM) analysis was applied. The vegetation matrix was ordinated through isometric feature mapping (ISOMAP), and the geochemical and bioclimatic variables were related to the ISOMAP ordination. Results We identified 14 plant communities distributed in three main clusters. We recorded 59 endemic species at the national level and 28 narrow endemics, restricted to the study area and nearby mountains. The number of non-native plants was relatively low (26 species). Perennial herbs (221 species), grasses (97 species) and shrubs (68 species) were the most prominent life forms. Plant communities were associated with rock chemistry (carbonate and acidic rocks), and also with elevation and climatic variables. Conclusion This study highlights the remarkable heterogeneity of outcrop vegetation in Central Argentina. It reveals that elevation and rock type (geochemical composition) were relevant factors associated with the floristic composition of plant communities and also, that outcrop habitats comprise a high level of endemisms, as well as a low number of non-native species, suggesting a high value for the conservation of local and regional biodiversity.
2022
Cantero, J.j., Zeballos, S.r., Nunez, C.o., Sfragulla, J., Acosta, A., Funes, G., et al. (2022). Classification of rocky outcrops plant communities in the mountains of Central Argentina. APPLIED VEGETATION SCIENCE, 25(4) [10.1111/avsc.12686].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11590/446247
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