Fast growing integration among process and enterprise networks, the use of open IP-based network to connect control rooms with their RTUs, and the introduction of off-the-shelf hardware and software in the control systems, expose control networks to cyber risks as every other IT-system. The latter, with the dangerously increasing number of cyber threats (in particular ones related to cyber-crime or cyber-terrorism), impose to pay more and more attention to cyber-related risks and to consider also this type of events in the security plans of every control system, especially ones devoted to control and manage of national critical infrastructures. -
Panzieri, S., Roberto, S. (2004). Vulnerabilità indotta dal Cyberspace sui Sistemi di Monitoraggio e Controllo. In Atti del Convegno Nazionale ANIPLA – ENERSIS 2004 (pp.320-332). Milano : -.