Terahertz (THz) semiconductor based quantum cascade lasers (QCLs) represent powerful and compact integrated light sources. To date they have been realized with various III-V materials where LO phonon emission becomes very effective as the temperature is increased, limiting the maximum operating temperature to 200K. To overcome this limitation, non-polar material systems are attractive because of their weaker e-phonon interaction. Theoretical studies have indicated n-type Ge/SiGe heterostructures where transport is associated to L electrons, as the most promising architecture [1]. Experimentally, sharp intersubband transitions in n-type strain compensated Ge/SiGe QWs have been observed in the 20-50 meV region [2]. Recently, non-equilibrium Green's functions calculations proved to be efficient in optimising high temperature performance of GaAs/AlGaAs THZ QCLs [3]. In the effort of realizing a Ge/SiGe THz QCL, we present here a QCL structure designed by means of non-equilibrium Green's functions [4], whose the bandstructure is reported in Fig.1(a). Epitaxial growth of strain-compensated Ge/SiGe heterostructure (≈1.5 μm thick) has been carried out by means of UHV-CVD yielding very good sample quality as visible from Fig.1(b). Mesa devices for transport experiments have been fabricated by dry etching and metallization. In Fig.1(c) a series of I-V curves as a function of the heatsink temperature display a thermally activated behaviour with E act ≃ 10 meV. From low temperature (4 K) magnetotransport [5] in a magnetic field parallel to the current direction shows characteristics oscillations. we can deduce an energy distance between the lasing states of E 23 =19.5 meV, in good agreement with the theoretical calculation. Optical experiments are ongoing and experimental results will be presented.

Stark, D., Persichetti, L., Montanari, M., Ciano, C., Di Gaspare, L., De Seta, M., et al. (2019). N-Type Ge/SiGe Quantum Cascade Heterostructures for THz Emission. In Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe & European Quantum Electronics Conference (CLEO/Europe-EQEC). IEEE [10.1109/CLEOE-EQEC.2019.8872902].

N-Type Ge/SiGe Quantum Cascade Heterostructures for THz Emission

Persichetti L.;Ciano C.;Di Gaspare L.;De Seta M.;Capellini G.;Virgilio M.;
2019

Abstract

Terahertz (THz) semiconductor based quantum cascade lasers (QCLs) represent powerful and compact integrated light sources. To date they have been realized with various III-V materials where LO phonon emission becomes very effective as the temperature is increased, limiting the maximum operating temperature to 200K. To overcome this limitation, non-polar material systems are attractive because of their weaker e-phonon interaction. Theoretical studies have indicated n-type Ge/SiGe heterostructures where transport is associated to L electrons, as the most promising architecture [1]. Experimentally, sharp intersubband transitions in n-type strain compensated Ge/SiGe QWs have been observed in the 20-50 meV region [2]. Recently, non-equilibrium Green's functions calculations proved to be efficient in optimising high temperature performance of GaAs/AlGaAs THZ QCLs [3]. In the effort of realizing a Ge/SiGe THz QCL, we present here a QCL structure designed by means of non-equilibrium Green's functions [4], whose the bandstructure is reported in Fig.1(a). Epitaxial growth of strain-compensated Ge/SiGe heterostructure (≈1.5 μm thick) has been carried out by means of UHV-CVD yielding very good sample quality as visible from Fig.1(b). Mesa devices for transport experiments have been fabricated by dry etching and metallization. In Fig.1(c) a series of I-V curves as a function of the heatsink temperature display a thermally activated behaviour with E act ≃ 10 meV. From low temperature (4 K) magnetotransport [5] in a magnetic field parallel to the current direction shows characteristics oscillations. we can deduce an energy distance between the lasing states of E 23 =19.5 meV, in good agreement with the theoretical calculation. Optical experiments are ongoing and experimental results will be presented.
978-172810469-0
Stark, D., Persichetti, L., Montanari, M., Ciano, C., Di Gaspare, L., De Seta, M., et al. (2019). N-Type Ge/SiGe Quantum Cascade Heterostructures for THz Emission. In Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe & European Quantum Electronics Conference (CLEO/Europe-EQEC). IEEE [10.1109/CLEOE-EQEC.2019.8872902].
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11590/404329
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact